William Robinson, MD, PhD
Professor, Medicine-Medical Oncology

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Medical School:
  • MD, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine (1962)
Graduate School :
  • PhD, University of Melbourne (1968)
Undergraduate School:
  • BS, Colorado State University (CO) (1962)
Internship:
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital/Massachusetts General Hospital Program (1963)
Residencies:
  • University of Colorado (University Hospital) Program, Internal Medicine (1966)
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital/Massachusetts General Hospital Program, Internal Medicine (1964)
Languages: English
Department: Medicine-Medical Oncology

Research Interests

I am an active clinical and basic investigator with a laboratory studying the molecular and genetic regulation of cancer development. This allows me to be on the forefront of new developments and use laboratory derived knowledge to develop new targeted treatments.

Publications

  • Holman BN, Van Gulick RJ, Amato CM, MacBeth ML, Davies KD, Aisner DL, Robinson WA, Couts KL. Clinical and molecular features of subungual melanomas are site-specific and distinct from acral melanomas. Melanoma Res. 2020 Dec;30(6):562-573. PubMed PMID: 33156595
  • Newell F, Wilmott JS, Johansson PA, Nones K, Addala V, Mukhopadhyay P, Broit N, Amato CM, Van Gulick R, Kazakoff SH, Patch AM, Koufariotis LT, Lakis V, Leonard C, Wood S, Holmes O, Xu Q, Lewis K, Medina T, Gonzalez R, Saw RPM, Spillane AJ, Stretch JR, Rawson RV, Ferguson PM, Dodds TJ, Thompson JF, Long GV, Levesque MP, Robinson WA, Pearson JV, Mann GJ, Scolyer RA, Waddell N, Hayward NK. Whole-genome sequencing of acral melanoma reveals genomic complexity and diversity. Nat Commun. 2020 Oct 16;11(1):5259. PubMed PMID: 33067454
  • Mukherjee N, Amato CM, Skees J, Todd KJ, Lambert KA, Robinson WA, Van Gulick R, Weight RM, Dart CR, Tobin RP, McCarter MD, Fujita M, Norris DA, Shellman YG. Simultaneously Inhibiting BCL2 and MCL1 Is a Therapeutic Option for Patients with Advanced Melanoma. Cancers (Basel). 2020 Aug 5;12(8). PubMed PMID: 32764384
  • Amato CM, Hintzsche JD, Wells K, Applegate A, Gorden NT, Vorwald VM, Tobin RP, Nassar K, Shellman YG, Kim J, Medina TM, Rioth M, Lewis KD, McCarter MD, Gonzalez R, Tan AC, Robinson WA. Pre-Treatment Mutational and Transcriptomic Landscape of Responding Metastatic Melanoma Patients to Anti-PD1 Immunotherapy. Cancers (Basel). 2020 Jul 17;12(7). PubMed PMID: 32708981
  • Mukherjee N, Skees J, Todd KJ, West DA, Lambert KA, Robinson WA, Amato CM, Couts KL, Van Gulick R, MacBeth M, Nassar K, Tan AC, Zhai Z, Fujita M, Bagby SM, Dart CR, Lambert JR, Norris DA, Shellman YG. MCL1 inhibitors S63845/MIK665 plus Navitoclax synergistically kill difficult-to-treat melanoma cells. Cell Death Dis. 2020 Jun 8;11(6):443. PubMed PMID: 32513939
  • Afrin LB, Ackerley MB, Bluestein LS, Brewer JH, Brook JB, Buchanan AD, Cuni JR, Davey WP, Dempsey TT, Dorff SR, Dubravec MS, Guggenheim AG, Hindman KJ, Hoffman B, Kaufman DL, Kratzer SJ, Lee TM, Marantz MS, Maxwell AJ, McCann KK, McKee DL, Menk Otto L, Pace LA, Perkins DD, Radovsky L, Raleigh MS, Rapaport SA, Reinhold EJ, Renneker ML, Robinson WA, Roland AM, Rosenbloom ES, Rowe PC, Ruhoy IS, Saperstein DS, Schlosser DA, Schofield JR, Settle JE, Weinstock LB, Wengenroth M, Westaway M, Xi SC, Molderings GJ. Diagnosis of mast cell activation syndrome: a global "consensus-2". Diagnosis (Berl). 2020 Apr 22. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32324159
  • Turner JA, Bemis JGT, Bagby SM, Capasso A, Yacob BW, Chimed TS, Van Gulick R, Lee H, Tobin R, Tentler JJ, Pitts T, McCarter M, Robinson WA, Couts KL. BRAF fusions identified in melanomas have variable treatment responses and phenotypes. Oncogene. 2019 Feb;38(8):1296-1308. PubMed PMID: 30254212
  • Tobin RP, Jordan KR, Kapoor P, Spongberg E, Davis D, Vorwald VM, Couts KL, Gao D, Smith DE, Borgers JSW, Robinson S, Amato C, Gonzalez R, Lewis KD, Robinson WA, Borges VF, McCarter MD. IL-6 and IL-8 Are Linked With Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cell Accumulation and Correlate With Poor Clinical Outcomes in Melanoma Patients. Front Oncol. 2019;9:1223. PubMed PMID: 31781510
  • Friedman C, Lyon M, Torphy RJ, Thieu D, Hosokawa P, Gonzalez R, Lewis KD, Medina TM, Rioth MJ, Robinson WA, Kounalakis N, McCarter MD, Gleisner AL. A nomogram to predict node positivity in patients with thin melanomas helps inform shared patient decision making. J Surg Oncol. 2019 Dec;120(7):1276-1283. PubMed PMID: 31602665
  • Turner JA, Bemis JGT, Bagby SM, Capasso A, Yacob BW, Chimed TS, Van Gulick R, Lee H, Tobin R, Tentler JJ, Pitts T, McCarter M, Robinson WA, Couts KL. BRAF fusions identified in melanomas have variable treatment responses and phenotypes. Oncogene. 2019 Feb;38(8):1296-1308. PubMed PMID: 30254212
  • Couts KL, Bemis J, Turner JA, Bagby SM, Murphy D, Christiansen J, Hintzsche JD, Le A, Pitts TM, Wells K, Applegate A, Amato C, Multani P, Chow-Maneval E, Tentler JJ, Shellman YG, Rioth MJ, Tan AC, Gonzalez R, Medina T, Doebele RC, Robinson WA. ALK Inhibitor Response in Melanomas Expressing EML4-ALK Fusions and Alternate ALK Isoforms. Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 Jan;17(1):222-231. PubMed PMID: 29054983
  • Ravindran Menon D, Luo Y, Arcaroli JJ, Liu S, KrishnanKutty LN, Osborne DG, Li Y, Samson JM, Bagby S, Tan AC, Robinson WA, Messersmith WA, Fujita M. CDK1 Interacts with Sox2 and Promotes Tumor Initiation in Human Melanoma. Cancer Res. 2018 Dec 1;78(23):6561-6574. PubMed PMID: 30297536
  • Mukherjee N, Strosnider A, Vagher B, Lambert KA, Slaven S, Robinson WA, Amato CM, Couts KL, Bemis JGT, Turner JA, Norris DA, Shellman YG. BH3 mimetics induce apoptosis independent of DRP-1 in melanoma. Cell Death Dis. 2018 Sep 5;9(9):907. PubMed PMID: 30185782
  • Tobin RP, Jordan KR, Robinson WA, Davis D, Borges VF, Gonzalez R, Lewis KD, McCarter MD. Targeting myeloid-derived suppressor cells using all-trans retinoic acid in melanoma patients treated with Ipilimumab. Int Immunopharmacol. 2018 Oct;63:282-291. PubMed PMID: 30121453
  • Hintzsche JD, Yoo M, Kim J, Amato CM, Robinson WA, Tan AC. IMPACT web portal: oncology database integrating molecular profiles with actionable therapeutics. BMC Med Genomics. 2018 Apr 20;11(Suppl 2):26. PubMed PMID: 29697364
  • Lee H, King G, Garg K, Pan Z, Tobin J, Robinson WA. Successful treatment of disseminated Rosai-Dorfman disease with siltuximab. Haematologica. 2018 Jul;103(7):e325-e328. PubMed PMID: 29599203
  • Couts KL, Bemis J, Turner JA, Bagby SM, Murphy D, Christiansen J, Hintzsche JD, Le A, Pitts TM, Wells K, Applegate A, Amato C, Multani P, Chow-Maneval E, Tentler JJ, Shellman YG, Rioth MJ, Tan AC, Gonzalez R, Medina T, Doebele RC, Robinson WA. ALK Inhibitor Response in Melanomas Expressing EML4-ALK Fusions and Alternate ALK Isoforms. Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 Jan;17(1):222-231. PubMed PMID: 29054983
  • Korch C, Hall EM, Dirks WG, Ewing M, Faries M, Varella-Garcia M, Robinson S, Storts D, Turner JA, Wang Y, Burnett EC, Healy L, Kniss D, Neve RM, Nims RW, Reid YA, Robinson WA, Capes-Davis A. Authentication of M14 melanoma cell line proves misidentification of MDA-MB-435 breast cancer cell line. Int J Cancer. 2018 Feb 1;142(3):561-572. PubMed PMID: 28940260
  • Nooruddin Z, Miltgen N, Wei Q, Schowinsky J, Pan Z, Tobin J, Purev E, Gutman JA, Robinson W, Pollyea DA. Changes in allele frequencies of CSF3R and SETBP1 mutations and evidence of clonal evolution in a chronic neutrophilic leukemia patient treated with ruxolitinib. Haematologica. 2017 Feb 16. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28209656
  • Goldstein NB, Koster MI, Jones KL, Gao B, Hoaglin LG, Robinson SE, Wright MJ, Birlea SI, Luman A, Lambert KA, Shellman YG, Fujita M, Robinson WA, Roop DR, Norris DA, Birlea SA. Repigmentation of Human Vitiligo Skin by NBUVB Is Controlled by Transcription of GLI1 and Activation of the ß-Catenin Pathway in the Hair Follicle Bulge Stem Cells. J Invest Dermatol. 2017 Oct 17. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29054607
  • Hintzsche JD, Gorden NT, Amato CM, Kim J, Wuensch KE, Robinson SE, Applegate AJ, Couts KL, Medina TM, Wells KR, Wisell JA, McCarter MD, Box NF, Shellman YG, Gonzalez RC, Lewis KD, Tentler JJ, Tan AC, Robinson WA. Whole-exome sequencing identifies recurrent SF3B1 R625 mutation and comutation of NF1 and KIT in mucosal melanoma. Melanoma Res. 2017 Jun;27(3):189-199. PubMed PMID: 28296713
  • Nooruddin Z, Miltgen N, Wei Q, Schowinsky J, Pan Z, Tobin J, Purev E, Gutman JA, Robinson W, Pollyea DA. Changes in allele frequencies of CSF3R and SETBP1 mutations and evidence of clonal evolution in a chronic neutrophilic leukemia patient treated with ruxolitinib. Haematologica. 2017 May;102(5):e207-e209. PubMed PMID: 28209656
  • Turner J, Couts K, Sheren J, Saichaemchan S, Ariyawutyakorn W, Avolio I, Cabral E, Glogowska M, Amato C, Robinson S, Hintzsche J, Applegate A, Seelenfreund E, Gonzalez R, Wells K, Bagby S, Tentler J, Tan AC, Wisell J, Varella-Garcia M, Robinson W. Kinase gene fusions in defined subsets of melanoma. Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 2017 Jan;30(1):53-62. PubMed PMID: 27864876
  • Hintzsche JD, Robinson WA, Tan AC. A Survey of Computational Tools to Analyze and Interpret Whole Exome Sequencing Data. Int J Genomics. 2016;2016:7983236. PubMed PMID: 28070503
  • Hintzsche J, Kim J, Yadav V, Amato C, Robinson SE, Seelenfreund E, Shellman Y, Wisell J, Applegate A, McCarter M, Box N, Tentler J, De S, Robinson WA, Tan AC. IMPACT: a whole-exome sequencing analysis pipeline for integrating molecular profiles with actionable therapeutics in clinical samples. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2016 Jul;23(4):721-30. PubMed PMID: 27026619
  • Brechbuhl HM, Finlay-Schultz J, Yamamoto TM, Gillen AE, Cittelly DM, Tan AC, Sams SB, Pillai MM, Elias AD, Robinson WA, Sartorius CA, Kabos P. Fibroblast Subtypes Regulate Responsiveness of Luminal Breast Cancer to Estrogen. Clin Cancer Res. 2016 Oct 4. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27702820
  • Ross E, Robinson SE, Amato C, McMillan C, Westcott J, Wolf T, Robinson WA. Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies in human breast milk: a case study. Melanoma Res. 2014 Jan 28. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24476799
  • Prickett TD, Zerlanko B, Gartner JJ, Parker SC, Dutton-Regester K, Lin JC, Teer JK, Wei X, Jiang J, NISC Comparative Sequencing Program, Chen G, Davies MA, Gershenwald JE, Robinson W, Robinson S, Hayward NK, Rosenberg SA, Margulies EH, Samuels Y. Somatic Mutations in MAP3K5 Attenuate Its Proapoptotic Function in Melanoma through Increased Binding to Thioredoxin. J Invest Dermatol. 2014 Feb;134(2):452-60. PubMed PMID: 24008424
  • Redzic JS, Kendrick AA, Bahmed K, Dahl KD, Pearson CG, Robinson WA, Robinson SE, Graner MW, Eisenmesser EZ. Extracellular vesicles secreted from cancer cell lines stimulate secretion of MMP-9, IL-6, TGF-ß1 and EMMPRIN. PLoS One. 2013;8(8):e71225. PubMed PMID: 23936495
  • Gartner JJ, Parker SC, Prickett TD, Dutton-Regester K, Stitzel ML, Lin JC, Davis S, Simhadri VL, Jha S, Katagiri N, Gotea V, Teer JK, Wei X, Morken MA, Bhanot UK, NISC Comparative Sequencing Program, Chen G, Elnitski LL, Davies MA, Gershenwald JE, Carter H, Karchin R, Robinson W, Robinson S, Rosenberg SA, Collins FS, Parmigiani G, Komar AA, Kimchi-Sarfaty C, Hayward NK, Margulies EH, Samuels Y, Becker J, Benjamin B, Blakesley R, Bouffard G, Brooks S, Coleman H, Dekhtyar M, Gregory M, Guan X, Gupta J, Han J, Hargrove A, Ho SL, Johnson T, Legaspi R, Lovett S, Maduro Q, Masiello C, Maskeri B, McDowell J, Montemayor C, Mullikin J, Park M, Riebow N, Schandler K, Schmidt B, Sison C, Stantripop M, Thomas J, Thomas P, Vemulapalli M, Young A. Whole-genome sequencing identifies a recurrent functional synonymous mutation in melanoma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Aug 13;110(33):13481-6. PubMed PMID: 23901115
  • Jones TS, Jones EL, Gao D, Pearlman NW, Robinson WA, McCarter M. Management of external ear melanoma: the same or something different?. Am J Surg. 2013 Sep;206(3):307-13. PubMed PMID: 23664431
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Practice Locations

University of Colorado Hospital (UCH)
12605 E. 16th Ave
Aurora, CO 80045
720-848-0000

UCH - Cancer Center
1665 Aurora Ct
Aurora, CO 80045
720-848-0300

Diane O'Connor Thompson Breast Center - Anschutz
1635 Aurora Ct
3rd Floor
Aurora, CO 80045
720-848-1030

Hospital Affiliation
  • University of Colorado Hospital
Center Affiliations

Specialty Information

Specialties
  • Internal Medicine, Board Certification (1974)
  • Medical Oncology, Board Certification (1999)
Conditions & Treatments
  • Cancers
  • Cancers - Breast Cancer
  • Cancers - Melanoma
  • Blood / Lymphatic System
Clinical Interests
I have broad experience in the treatment of cancer using all available therapies, but I am particularly interested in the new targeted treatments that are rapidly entering clinical medicine.

Care Philosophy
I like to get to know the patients that I see - who they are, what they do and what their expectations are. I strive to be open and honest which is not always easy in cancer care. I share as much information as I can in an understandable way and believe that the more informed a person is the better.

Personal Interests
I have two active young sons who play basketball and baseball year round. If we are not shooting hoops together we are practicing baseball or going to a game. I ski and like to work with my hands. I grew up on a rocky old ranch near Boulder where we go every weekend to cut hay, fix fences and try to grow some wine grapes.

Volunteer Activities
I have spent almost two years working in India and have started a scholarship program for medical students from here to go to the developing world to experience first hand the difficulties of practicing medicine in areas with limited resources.

General Information

Medical Schools:
  • MD, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine (1962)
Graduate Schools:
  • PhD, University of Melbourne (1968)
Undergraduate Schools:
  • BS, Colorado State University (CO) (1962)
Internships:
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital/Massachusetts General Hospital Program (1963)
Residency Programs:
  • University of Colorado (University Hospital) Program, Internal Medicine (1966)
  • Brigham and Women's Hospital/Massachusetts General Hospital Program, Internal Medicine (1964)
Languages: English
Department: Medicine-Medical Oncology
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