Joe Grubenhoff, MD
Associate Professor, Pediatrics-Emergency Medicine

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Medical School:
  • MD, Saint Louis University School of Medicine (2002)
Graduate School :
  • MSc, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center (2015)
Undergraduate School:
  • BA, Colorado College (CO) (1997)
Internship:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program (2003)
Residency:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program, Pediatrics (2005)
Fellowships:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program, Pediatric Emergency Medicine (2009)
Languages: English
Department: Pediatrics-Emergency Medicine

Professional Titles

  • Medical Director, Diagnostic Safety Program

Recognition & Awards

  • 5280 Top Doc, 5280 Magazine (2020)
    Recognition by Denver Metro Area peers for providing excellent care
  • Best Oral Research Abstract 2020 13th Annual Diagnostic Error in Medicine Conference, Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine (2020)
    Awarded for the best of 70 research abstracts submitted for peer review to this annual conference focused on improving diagnosis in healthcare.
  • 5280 Top Doc, 5280 Magazine (2019)
    Recognition by Denver Metro Area peers for providing excellent care
  • 5280 Top Doc, 5280 Magazine (2018)
    Recognition by Denver Metro Area peers for providing excellent care
  • Golden Stethoscope Physical Exam Skills, University of Colorado (2018)
    This award is given by the School of Medicine Foundations of Doctoring Program for displaying excellent physical exam skills.
  • 5280 Top Doc, 5280 Magazine (2017)
    Recognition by Denver Metro Area peers for providing excellent care
  • Children's Hospital Colorado Medical Staff Provider of the Month, Children's Hospital Colorado Medical Staff Office (2017)
  • 5280 Top Doc, 5280 Magazine (2016)
    Recognition by Denver Metro Area peers for providing excellent care
  • 5280 Top Doc, 5280 Magazine (2015)
    Recognition by Denver Metro Area peers for providing excellent care
  • Century Award, Children's Hospital Colorado (2014)
    This award is given to a member of the Children's Hospital Colorado medical staff 5 or fewer years out from training who has made significant contributions to Children's Hospital Colorado.
  • Excellence in Trauma Physician Award, Children's Hospital Colorado Trauma Program (2014)
    Awarded to a Children's Hospital Colorado physician who has made considerable contributions to trauma care at Children's Hospital Colorado.
  • 5280 Top Doc, 5280 Magazine (2014)
    Recognition by Denver Metro Area peers for providing excellent care
  • 5280 Top Doc, 5280 Magazine (2013)
    Recognition by Denver Metro Area peers for providing excellent care.
  • Golden Stethoscope - Patient/Physician Communication, University of Colorado (2011)
    This award is given by the School of Medicine Foundations of Doctoring Program for displaying excellent patient/physician communication skills.
  • Ludwig-Seidel Award, Academic Pediatric Association (2008)
    This award is given for the best research by a pediatric emergency medicine fellow at the annual Pediatric Academic Society Meeting.
  • Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society, St. Louis University Beta Chapter (2002)
    This is the national medical honor society recognizing medical students demonstrating scholarship, leadership and professionalism. Members typically represent the top 10% of their graduating class. http://alphaomegaalpha.org/how.html
  • Outstanding Student in Pediatrics, St. Louis Pediatrics Society (2002)
    Awarded to one graduating student from St. Louis University Medical School who demonstrated outstanding performance in pediatric medicine.

Research Interests

My research focuses on reducing patient harm that arises from missed opportunities during the diagnostic process.

Teaching

  • Associate Professor (2016)
    School of Medicine, Pediatrics
    Diagnostic reasoning, Mild traumatic brain injury/Concussion

Publications

  • Grubenhoff JA, Ziniel SI, Cifra CL, Singhal G, McClead RE Jr, Singh H. Pediatric Clinician Comfort Discussing Diagnostic Errors for Improving Patient Safety: A Survey. Pediatr Qual Saf. 2020 Mar-Apr;5(2):e259. PubMed PMID: 32426626
  • Searns JB, Williams M, MacBrayne C, Wirtz A, Parker S, Grubenhoff JA. Handshake Antimicrobial Stewardship as a Model to Recognize and Prevent Diagnostic Errors. Diagnosis. 2020: epub ahead of print https://doi.org/10.1515/dx-2020-0032
  • Flood S, Osborne C, Martin B, Derderian SC, Stenson E, Grubenhoff JA. Severe SARS-CoV-2 Infection in a Pediatric Patient Requiring Extra-Corporeal Membrane Oxygenation. Case Rep Pediatr. 2020; doi: 10.1155/2020/8885022. eCollection 2020
  • Staab S, Black T, Leonard J, Bruny J, Bajaj L, Grubenhoff JA. Diagnostic Accuracy of Suspected Appendicitis: A Comparative Analysis of Misdiagnosed Appendicitis in Children. Pediatr. Emerg. Care. 2020; December 14, 2020 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print
  • Currie D, Pierpoint L, Snedden T, Comstock RD, Grubenhoff JA. Factors Influencing Primary Care Follow-up after Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. In press.
  • Lindberg DM, Stence NV, Grubenhoff JA, Lewis T, Mirsky DM, Miller AL, O'Neill BR, Grice K, Mourani PM, Runyan DK. Feasibility and Accuracy of Fast MRI Versus CT for Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children. Pediatrics. 2019 Oct;144(4). PubMed PMID: 31533974
  • Gaensbauer J, Grubenhoff JA. Neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus Infections: New Data, Old Conundrum. Pediatrics. 2019 Apr;143(4). PubMed PMID: 30923057
  • Snedden TR, Pierpoint LA, Currie DW, Comstock RD, Grubenhoff JA. Postconcussion Academic Support in Children Who Attend a Primary Care Provider Follow-up Visit after Presenting to the Emergency Department. J Pediatr. 2019 Jun;209:168-175. PubMed PMID: 30853206
  • Grubenhoff JA, Ziniel SI, Bajaj L, Hyman D. Pediatric faculty knowledge and comfort discussing diagnostic errors: a pilot survey to understand barriers to an educational program. Diagnosis (Berl). 2019 Jun 26;6(2):101-107. PubMed PMID: 30759067
  • Cheung DS, Grubenhoff JA. Machine Learning in Clinical Medicine Still Finding Its Way. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Jan 4;2(1):e186926. PubMed PMID: 30646201
  • Currie D, Snedden T, Pierpoint L, Comstock RD, Grubenhoff JA. Factors Influencing Primary Care Follow-Up After Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. J Head Trauma Rehabil. 2019 Jul Aug;34(4):E11-E19. PubMed PMID: 30608309
  • Howell DR, Wilson JC, Kirkwood MW, Grubenhoff JA. Quality of Life and Symptom Burden 1 Month After Concussion in Children and Adolescents. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2019 Jan;58(1):42-49. PubMed PMID: 30311786
  • Gaensbauer JT, Todd J, Grubenhoff JA, Soranno DE, Scudamore D, Cheetham A, Messacar K. A Resident-Based, Educational Program to Drive Individual and Institutional Improvement in a Pediatric Training Hospital. J Pediatr. 2019 Nov;214:4-7.e1
  • Howell DR, Wilson JC, Kirkwood MW, Grubenhoff JA. Quality of Life and Symptom Burden 1 Month After Concussion in Children and Adolescents. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2018 Oct 12;:9922818806308. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30311786
  • Sanchez Cristal N, Staab J, Chatham R, Ryan S, Mcnair B, Grubenhoff JA. Child Life Reduces Distress and Pain and Improves Family Satisfaction in the Pediatric Emergency Department. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2018 Nov;57(13):1567-1575. PubMed PMID: 30175600
  • Grubenhoff JA. The Diagnostic Safety Program at Children’s Hospital Colorado. Pennsylvania Patient Safety Advisory. 2018;15 (Suppl1):p55-56.
  • Vollmer BL, Kirkwood MW, Comstock RD, Currie D, Grubenhoff JA. Assessing the Clinical Utility of the Question, "Is Your Child/Are You Back to Normal?" in Pediatric Concussion Symptom Resolution. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2017 Feb 1;:9922817693300. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28198194
  • Grubenhoff JA, Currie D, Comstock RD, Juarez-Colunga E, Bajaj L, Kirkwood MW. Psychological Factors Associated with Delayed Symptom Resolution in Children with Concussion. J Pediatr. 2016 Jul;174:27-32.e1. PubMed PMID: 27079963
  • Schmitt BD, Grubenhoff JA. Observations Regarding Evaluation of an After-Hours Call Center: Are Pediatric Patients Appropriately Referred to the Emergency Department?. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015 Aug;31(8):e5-6. PubMed PMID: 26241720
  • Comstock RD, Currie DW, Pierpoint LA, Grubenhoff JA, Fields SK. An Evidence-Based Discussion of Heading the Ball and Concussions in High School Soccer. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 Sep 1;169(9):830-7. PubMed PMID: 26168306
  • Grubenhoff JA, Deakyne SJ, Comstock RD, Kirkwood MW, Bajaj L. Outpatient follow-up and return to school after emergency department evaluation among children with persistent post-concussion symptoms. Brain Inj. 2015 May 25;:1-6. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26004755
  • Mackelprang JL, Harpin SB, Grubenhoff JA, Rivara FP. Adverse outcomes among homeless adolescents and young adults who report a history of traumatic brain injury. Am J Public Health. 2014 Oct;104(10):1986-92. PubMed PMID: 25122029
  • Grubenhoff JA, Deakyne SJ, Brou L, Bajaj L, Comstock RD, Kirkwood MW. Acute concussion symptom severity and delayed symptom resolution. Pediatrics. 2014 Jul;134(1):54-62. PubMed PMID: 24958583
  • Chamberlain JM, Okada P, Holsti M, Mahajan P, Brown KM, Vance C, Gonzalez V, Lichenstein R, Stanley R, Brousseau DC, Grubenhoff J, Zemek R, Johnson DW, Clemons TE, Baren J, Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN). Lorazepam vs diazepam for pediatric status epilepticus: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014 Apr 23-30;311(16):1652-60. PubMed PMID: 24756515
  • Kirkwood MW, Peterson RL, Connery AK, Baker DA, Grubenhoff JA. Postconcussive symptom exaggeration after pediatric mild traumatic brain injury. Pediatrics. 2014 Apr;133(4):643-50. PubMed PMID: 24616360
  • Kedia S, Ginde AA, Grubenhoff JA, Kempe A, Hershey AD, Powers SW. Monthly variation of United States pediatric headache emergency department visits. Cephalalgia. 2014 May;34(6):473-8. PubMed PMID: 24335850
  • Mandt MJ, Grubenhoff JA. Emergencies and Injuries. In Hay WW et al, ed. Current Diagnosis and Treatment-Pediatrics, 22nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2014:334-356.
  • Kedia S, Ginde AA, Grubenhoff JA, Kempe A, Hershey AD, Powers SW. Monthly variation of United States pediatric headache emergency department visits. Cephalalgia. 2013 Dec 11. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24335850
  • Grubenhoff JA, Provance A. Physical and Neurologic Exam. In Yeates KO & Kirkwood M, eds. Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: From Basic Science to Clinical Management. New York: Guilford; 2012:196-217.
  • Grubenhoff JA, Kirkwood M, Deakyne S, Wathen J. Detailed concussion symptom analysis paediatric ED population. Brain Inj 2011;25(10):943-949.
  • Greene AE, Roosevelt GE, Grubenhoff JA, Klein U. Little boy black and blue. Pediatr Emerg Care 2011;27(8):758-759.
  • Grubenhoff JA. Head Injury. In: Bajaj L et al, eds. Berman’s Pediatric Decision Making, 5th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby; 2011:418-21.
  • Grubenhoff JA. Neck Injury. In: Bajaj L et al, eds. Berman’s Pediatric Decision Making, 5th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby; 2011:422-25.
  • Grubenhoff JA, Kirkwood M, Gao D, et al. Evaluation of the Standardized Assessment of Concussion in a Pediatric Emergency Department Population. Pediatrics 2010;126(4):688-695.
  • Grubenhoff JA, Brent A. Case Report: Brown-Sequard syndrome resulting from a ski injury in a 7-year-old male. Curr Opin Pediatr 2008 20(3): 341-344.
  • Grubenhoff JA, du Ford K, Roosevelt GE. Heat-related illness. Clin Ped Emerg Med 8(1): 59-64. 2007
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Professional Memberships

  • American Academy of Pediatrics, Section of Emergency Medicine (AAP), Fellow, Member
  • Society to Improve Diagnosis in Medicine, Member

Practice Locations

Children's Hospital Colorado South Campus
1811 Plaza Drive
Highlands Ranch, CO 80129
720-478-1234

Children's Hospital Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
13123 East 16th Ave
Aurora, CO 80045
720-777-1234

Hospital Affiliation
  • Children's Hospital Colorado

Specialty Information

Specialties
  • Pediatrics, Board Certification (2005)
  • Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Board Certification (2011)
  • Advanced Trauma Life Support, Certificate (2005)
  • Pediatric Advanced Life Support, Certificate (2002)
Conditions & Treatments
  • Child and Teen Health
  • Emergency Care
  • Brain and Nervous System - Traumatic and Acquired Brain Injuries
  • Brain and Nervous System
Clinical Interests
I have a particular interest in the cognitive psychology of human decision-making and its impact on clinical reasoning and patient harm. Improving our understanding of the role of pitfalls in clinical judgment and how these pitfalls systematically and predictably fail diagnosticians is a critical component to improving patient safety.

Care Philosophy
I aim to provide relationship-centered evidence-based care for ill and injured children. Shared decision-making supported by sound medical knowledge and informed by the child and parents' wishes and values is the best way to speed kids to recovery.

Personal Interests
My personal time is spent snowboarding, hiking, road and mountain biking. I also enjoy spending time with my kids and tending to my koi pond.

General Information

Medical Schools:
  • MD, Saint Louis University School of Medicine (2002)
Graduate Schools:
  • MSc, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center (2015)
Undergraduate Schools:
  • BA, Colorado College (CO) (1997)
Internships:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program (2003)
Residency Programs:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program, Pediatrics (2005)
Fellowships:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program, Pediatric Emergency Medicine (2009)
Download CV
Languages: English
Department: Pediatrics-Emergency Medicine
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