Kurt Stenmark, MD
Professor, Pediatrics-Critical Care Medicine

Photo
Medical School:
  • MD, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine (1977)
Residency:
  • University of Colorado, Pediatrics (1981)
Fellowships:
  • University of Colorado, Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Medicine (1984)
Languages: English
Department: Pediatrics-Critical Care Medicine

Professional Titles

  • Professor, Pediatrics-Critical Care Medicine
  • Chair, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Research interests for Patients:
I am the principal investigator of a National Institutes of Health grant studying the mechanisms involved in pulmonary vascular remodeling and the response of the lung vasculature to hypoxia and other injuries.

Publications

  • Rashid J, Nozik-Grayck E, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. Inhaled combination of sildenafil and rosiglitazone improves pulmonary hemodynamics, cardiac functions, and arterial remodeling. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2018 Oct 11. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30307312
  • Krafsur GM, Neary JM, Garry F, Holt T, Gould DH, Mason GL, Thomas MG, Enns RM, Tuder RM, Heaton MP, Brown RD, Stenmark KR. Cardiopulmonary remodeling in fattened beef cattle: a naturally occurring large animal model of obesity-associated pulmonary hypertension with left heart disease. Pulm Circ. 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):2045894018796804. PubMed PMID: 30124135
  • Stenmark KR, Frid MG, Graham BB, Tuder RM. Dynamic and Diverse Changes in the Functional Properties of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells in Pulmonary Hypertension. Cardiovasc Res. 2018 Jan 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29385432
  • Humbert M, Guignabert C, Bonnet S, Dorfmüller P, Klinger JR, Nicolls MR, Olschewski AJ, Pullamsetti SS, Schermuly RT, Stenmark KR, Rabinovitch M. Pathology and pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension: state of the art and research perspectives. Eur Respir J. 2018 Dec 13. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30545970
  • Bailey KE, Floren ML, D'Ovidio TJ, Lammers SR, Stenmark KR, Magin CM. Tissue-Informed Engineering Strategies for Modeling Human Pulmonary Diseases. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2018 Nov 21. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30461289
  • Grunig G, Eichstaedt CA, Verweyen J, Durmus N, Saxer S, Krafsur G, Stenmark K, Ulrich S, Grünig E, Pylawka S. Circulating MicroRNA Markers for Pulmonary Hypertension in Supervised Exercise Intervention and Nightly Oxygen Intervention. Front Physiol. 2018;9:955. PubMed PMID: 30090067
  • Ferguson SK, Redinius K, Yalamanoglu A, Harral JW, Hyen Baek J, Pak D, Loomis Z, Hassell D, Eigenberger P, Nozik-Grayck E, Nuss R, Hassell K, Stenmark KR, Buehler PW, Irwin DC. Effects of living at moderate altitude on pulmonary vascular function and exercise capacity in mice with sickle cell anaemia. J Physiol. 2018 Jun 21. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29931797
  • Hu CJ, Zhang H, Laux A, Pullamsetti SS, Stenmark KR. Mechanisms contributing to persistently activated cell phenotypes in pulmonary hypertension. J Physiol. 2018 Jun 19. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29920674
  • Graham BB, Kumar R, Mickael C, Kassa B, Koyanagi D, Sanders L, Zhang L, Perez M, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Valencia C, Dixon K, Harral J, Loomis Z, Irwin D, Nemkov T, D'Alessandro A, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM. Vascular Adaptation of the Right Ventricle in Experimental Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2018 Oct;59(4):479-489. PubMed PMID: 29851508
  • Friesen RM, Schäfer M, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Stenmark K, Browne LP, Barker AJ, Hunter KS, Truong U. Proximal pulmonary vascular stiffness as a prognostic factor in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 May 16. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29788051
  • Ding Y, Xu X, Sharma S, Floren M, Stenmark K, Bryant SJ, Neu CP, Tan W. Biomimetic soft fibrous hydrogels for contractile and pharmacologically responsive smooth muscle. Acta Biomater. 2018 Jul 1;74:121-130. PubMed PMID: 29753912
  • Rashid J, Alobaida A, Al-Hilal TA, Hammouda S, McMurtry IF, Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. Repurposing rosiglitazone, a PPAR-? agonist and oral antidiabetic, as an inhaled formulation, for the treatment of PAH. J Control Release. 2018 Jun 28;280:113-123. PubMed PMID: 29723610
  • Das M, Zawada WM, West J, Stenmark KR. JNK2 regulates vascular remodeling in pulmonary hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):2045894018778156. PubMed PMID: 29718758
  • Ferguson SK, Harral JW, Pak DI, Redinius KM, Stenmark KR, Schaer DJ, Buehler PW, Irwin DC. Impact of cell-free hemoglobin on contracting skeletal muscle microvascular oxygen pressure dynamics. Nitric Oxide. 2018 Jun 1;76:29-36. PubMed PMID: 29526566
  • Kwapiszewska G, Crnkovic S, Stenmark KR. A Twist on Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling: Endothelial to Mesenchymal Transition?. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2018 Feb;58(2):140-141. PubMed PMID: 29388836
  • Schäfer M, Kheyfets VO, Barker AJ, Stenmark K, Hunter KS, McClatchey PM, Buckner JK, Reece TB, Jazaeri O, Fenster BE. Reduced shear stress and associated aortic deformation in the thoracic aorta of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Vasc Surg. 2017 Oct 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28986100
  • D'Alessandro A, El Kasmi KC, Plecitá-Hlavatá L, Ježek P, Li M, Zhang H, Gupte SA, Stenmark KR. Hallmarks of Pulmonary Hypertension: Mesenchymal and Inflammatory Cell Metabolic Reprogramming. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2018 Jan 20;28(3):230-250. PubMed PMID: 28637353
  • Schäfer M, Humphries S, Stenmark KR, Kheyfets VO, Buckner JK, Hunter KS, Fenster BE. 4D-flow cardiac magnetic resonance-derived vorticity is sensitive marker of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Apr 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28460004
  • Madhavan K, Frid MG, Hunter K, Shandas R, Stenmark KR, Park D. Development of an electrospun biomimetic polyurea scaffold suitable for vascular grafting. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2017 Jan 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28130878
  • D'Alessandro A, El Kasmi KC, Plecitá-Hlavatá L, Ježek P, Li M, Zhang H, Gupte SA, Stenmark KR. Hallmarks of Pulmonary Hypertension: Mesenchymal and Inflammatory Cell Metabolic Reprogramming. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2018 Jan 20;28(3):230-250. PubMed PMID: 28637353
  • Madhavan K, Frid MG, Hunter K, Shandas R, Stenmark KR, Park D. Development of an electrospun biomimetic polyurea scaffold suitable for vascular grafting. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2017 Jan 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28130878
  • Lapel M, Weston P, Strassheim D, Karoor V, Burns N, Lyubchenko T, Paucek P, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. Glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation are essential for purinergic receptor-mediated angiogenic responses in vasa vasorum endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2017 Jan 1;312(1):C56-C70. PubMed PMID: 27856430
  • Schäfer M, Barker AJ, Kheyfets V, Stenmark KR, Crapo J, Yeager ME, Truong U, Buckner JK, Fenster BE, Hunter KS. Helicity and Vorticity of Pulmonary Arterial Flow in Patients With Pulmonary Hypertension: Quantitative Analysis of Flow Formations. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Dec 20;6(12). PubMed PMID: 29263034
  • Jones D, Neff CP, Palmer BE, Stenmark K, Nagel MA. Varicella zoster virus-infected cerebrovascular cells produce a proinflammatory environment. Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm. 2017 Sep;4(5):e382. PubMed PMID: 29159203
  • Plecitá-Hlavatá L, D'alessandro A, El Kasmi K, Li M, Zhang H, Ježek P, Stenmark KR. Metabolic Reprogramming and Redox Signaling in Pulmonary Hypertension. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2017;967:241-260. PubMed PMID: 29047090
  • Schäfer M, Kheyfets VO, Barker AJ, Stenmark K, Hunter KS, McClatchey PM, Buckner JK, Reece TB, Jazaeri O, Fenster BE. Reduced shear stress and associated aortic deformation in the thoracic aorta of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. J Vasc Surg. 2017 Oct 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28986100
  • Zhang H, Wang D, Li M, Plecitá-Hlavatá L, D'Alessandro A, Tauber J, Riddle S, Kumar S, Flockton AR, McKeon BA, Frid MG, Reisz JA, Caruso P, El Kasmi KC, Ježek P, Morrell NW, Hu CJ, Stenmark KR. The Metabolic and Proliferative State of Vascular Adventitial Fibroblasts in Pulmonary Hypertension is Regulated through a MiR-124/PTBP1/PKM Axis. Circulation. 2017 Sep 26. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28972001
  • Caruso P, Dunmore BJ, Schlosser K, Schoors S, Dos Santos CC, Perez-Iratxeta C, Lavoie JR, Zhang H, Long L, Flockton AR, Frid MG, Upton PD, D'Alessandro A, Hadinnapola C, Kiskin FN, Taha M, Hurst LA, Ormiston ML, Hata A, Stenmark KR, Carmeliet P, Stewart DJ, Morrell NW. Identification of miR-124 as a Major Regulator of Enhanced Endothelial Cell Glycolysis in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension via PTBP1 and PKM2. Circulation. 2017 Sep 26. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28971999
  • Sharma S, Floren M, Ding Y, Stenmark KR, Tan W, Bryant SJ. A photoclickable peptide microarray platform for facile and rapid screening of 3-D tissue microenvironments. Biomaterials. 2017 Oct;143:17-28. PubMed PMID: 28756193
  • D'Alessandro A, Nozik-Grayck E, Stenmark KR. Identification of Infants at Risk for Chronic Lung Disease at Birth. Potential for a Personalized Approach to Disease Prevention. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 Oct 15;196(8):951-952. PubMed PMID: 28613077
  • Kumar R, Mickael C, Kassa B, Gebreab L, Robinson JC, Koyanagi DE, Sanders L, Barthel L, Meadows C, Fox D, Irwin D, Li M, McKeon BA, Riddle S, Dale Brown R, Morgan LE, Evans CM, Hernandez-Saavedra D, Bandeira A, Maloney JP, Bull TM, Janssen WJ, Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, Graham BB. TGF-ß activation by bone marrow-derived thrombospondin-1 causes Schistosoma- and hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Nat Commun. 2017 May 30;8:15494. PubMed PMID: 28555642
  • Yuan JX, Morrell NW, Stenmark KR, Lang IM, Butrous G, Reynolds ME. The Pulmonary Vascular Research Institute celebrates its first decade. Pulm Circ. 2017 Apr-Jun;7(2):283-284. PubMed PMID: 28597776
  • Pugliese SC, Kumar S, Janssen WJ, Graham BB, Frid MG, Riddle SR, El Kasmi KC, Stenmark KR. A Time- and Compartment-Specific Activation of Lung Macrophages in Hypoxic Pulmonary Hypertension. J Immunol. 2017 Jun 15;198(12):4802-4812. PubMed PMID: 28500078
  • Schäfer M, Humphries S, Stenmark KR, Kheyfets VO, Buckner JK, Hunter KS, Fenster BE. 4D-flow cardiac magnetic resonance-derived vorticity is sensitive marker of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in patients with mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Apr 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28460004
  • Loomis Z, Eigenberger P, Redinius K, Lisk C, Karoor V, Nozik-Grayck E, Ferguson SK, Hassell K, Nuss R, Stenmark KR, Buehler PW, Irwin DC. Correction: Hemoglobin induced cell trauma indirectly influences endothelial TLR9 activity resulting in pulmonary vascular smooth muscle cell activation. PLoS One. 2017;12(3):e0173652. PubMed PMID: 28264019
  • Rashid J, Patel B, Nozik-Grayck E, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. Inhaled sildenafil as an alternative to oral sildenafil in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). J Control Release. 2017 Mar 28;250:96-106. PubMed PMID: 28185800
  • Gupta N, Rashid J, Nozik-Grayck E, McMurtry IF, Stenmark KR, Ahsan F. Cocktail of Superoxide Dismutase and Fasudil Encapsulated in Targeted Liposomes Slows PAH Progression at a Reduced Dosing Frequency. Mol Pharm. 2017 Mar 6;14(3):830-841. PubMed PMID: 28165252
  • Loomis Z, Eigenberger P, Redinius K, Lisk C, Karoor V, Nozik-Grayck E, Ferguson SK, Hassell K, Nuss R, Stenmark K, Buehler P, Irwin DC. Hemoglobin induced cell trauma indirectly influences endothelial TLR9 activity resulting in pulmonary vascular smooth muscle cell activation. PLoS One. 2017 Feb 2;12(2):e0171219. PubMed PMID: 28152051
  • Murakami A, Wang L, Kalhorn S, Schraml P, Rathmell WK, Tan AC, Nemenoff R, Stenmark K, Jiang BH, Reyland ME, Heasley L, Hu CJ. Context-dependent role for chromatin remodeling component PBRM1/BAF180 in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Oncogenesis. 2017 Jan 16;6(1):e287. PubMed PMID: 28092369
  • Lapel M, Weston P, Strassheim D, Karoor V, Burns N, Lyubchenko T, Paucek P, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. Glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation are essential for purinergic receptor-mediated angiogenic responses in vasa vasorum endothelial cells. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2017 Jan 1;312(1):C56-C70. PubMed PMID: 27856430
  • Mouradian GC Jr, Gaurav R, Pugliese S, El Kasmi K, Hartman B, Hernandez-Lagunas L, Stenmark K, Bowler RP, Nozik-Grayck E. SOD3 R213G SNP Blocks Murine Bleomycin-induced Fibrosis and Promotes Resolution of Inflammation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2016 Nov 2. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27805412
  • Schäfer M, Myers C, Brown RD, Frid MG, Tan W, Hunter K, Stenmark KR. Pulmonary Arterial Stiffness: Toward a New Paradigm in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Pathophysiology and Assessment. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2016 Jan;18(1):4. PubMed PMID: 26733189
  • Plecitá-Hlavatá L, Tauber J, Li M, Zhang H, Flockton AR, Pullamsetti SS, Chelladurai P, D'alessandro A, El Kasmi KC, Ježek P, Stenmark KR. Constitutive Reprogramming of Fibroblast Mitochondrial Metabolism in Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2015 Dec 23. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26699943
  • Bartels K, Brown RD, Fox DL, Bull TM, Neary JM, Dorosz JL, Fonseca BM, Stenmark KR. Right Ventricular Longitudinal Strain Is Depressed in a Bovine Model of Pulmonary Hypertension. Anesth Analg. 2016 May;122(5):1280-6. PubMed PMID: 26974020
  • Stenmark KR, Frid M, Perros F. Endothelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition: An Evolving Paradigm and a Promising Therapeutic Target in PAH. Circulation. 2016 May 3;133(18):1734-7. PubMed PMID: 27045137
  • Nozik-Grayck E, Woods C, Stearman RS, Venkataraman S, Ferguson BS, Swain K, Bowler RP, Geraci MW, Ihida-Stansbury K, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA, Domann FE. Histone deacetylation contributes to low extracellular superoxide dismutase expression in human idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2016 Jul 1;311(1):L124-34. PubMed PMID: 27233998
  • Stenmark KR, Krafsur GM, Tuder RM. Pulmonary Veno-occlusive Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension in Dogs: Striking Similarities to the Human Condition. Vet Pathol. 2016 Jul;53(4):707-10. PubMed PMID: 27298303
  • Li M, Riddle S, Zhang H, D'Alessandro A, Flockton A, Serkova NJ, Hansen KC, Moldvan R, McKeon BA, Frid M, Kumar S, Li H, Liu H, Caánovas A, Medrano JF, Thomas MG, Iloska D, Plecitá-Hlavatá L, Ježek P, Pullamsetti S, Fini MA, El Kasmi KC, Zhang Q, Stenmark KR. Metabolic Reprogramming Regulates the Proliferative and Inflammatory Phenotype of Adventitial Fibroblasts in Pulmonary Hypertension Through the Transcriptional Corepressor C-Terminal Binding Protein-1. Circulation. 2016 Oct 11;134(15):1105-1121. PubMed PMID: 27562971
  • Mouradian GC Jr, Gaurav R, Pugliese S, El Kasmi K, Hartman B, Hernandez-Lagunas L, Stenmark K, Bowler RP, Nozik-Grayck E. SOD3 R213G SNP Blocks Murine Bleomycin-induced Fibrosis and Promotes Resolution of Inflammation. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2016 Nov 2. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27805412
  • Neary JM, Brown RD, Holt TN, Stenmark KR, Enns RM, Thomas MG, Garry FB. Static and dynamic components of right ventricular afterload are negatively associated with calf survival at high altitude. J Anim Sci. 2016 Oct;94(10):4172-4178. PubMed PMID: 27898844
  • Gao Y, Cornfield DN, Stenmark KR, Thébaud B, Abman SH, Raj JU. Unique aspects of the developing lung circulation: structural development and regulation of vasomotor tone. Pulm Circ. 2016 Dec;6(4):407-425. PubMed PMID: 27942377
  • Yuan JX, Morrell NW, Stenmark KR, Butrous G, Reynolds ME. Our readership grows by leaps and bounds. Pulm Circ. 2016 Dec;6(4):405-406. PubMed PMID: 28090284
  • Plecitá-Hlavatá L, Tauber J, Li M, Zhang H, Flockton AR, Pullamsetti SS, Chelladurai P, D'alessandro A, El Kasmi KC, Ježek P, Stenmark KR. Constitutive Reprogramming of Fibroblast Mitochondrial Metabolism in Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2015 Dec 23. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26699943
  • Qian J, Tian W, Jiang X, Tamosiuniene R, Sung YK, Shuffle EM, Tu AB, Valenzuela A, Jiang S, Zamanian RT, Fiorentino DF, Voelkel NF, Peters-Golden M, Stenmark KR, Chung L, Rabinovitch M, Nicolls MR. Leukotriene B4 Activates Pulmonary Artery Adventitial Fibroblasts in Pulmonary Hypertension. Hypertension. 2015 Dec;66(6):1227-39. PubMed PMID: 26558820
  • Abman SH, Hansmann G, Archer SL, Ivy DD, Adatia I, Chung WK, Hanna BD, Rosenzweig EB, Raj JU, Cornfield D, Stenmark KR, Steinhorn R, Thébaud B, Fineman JR, Kuehne T, Feinstein JA, Friedberg MK, Earing M, Barst RJ, Keller RL, Kinsella JP, Mullen M, Deterding R, Kulik T, Mallory G, Humpl T, Wessel DL. Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension: Guidelines From the American Heart Association and American Thoracic Society. Circulation. 2015 Nov 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26534956
  • Neary JM, Garry FB, Holt TN, Brown RD, Stenmark KR, Enns RM, Thomas MG. The altitude at which a calf is born and raised influences the rate at which mean pulmonary arterial pressure increases with age. J Anim Sci. 2015 Oct;93(10):4714-20. PubMed PMID: 26523564
  • El Kasmi KC, Stenmark KR. Contribution of metabolic reprogramming to macrophage plasticity and function. Semin Immunol. 2015 Aug;27(4):267-75. PubMed PMID: 26454572
  • Nagel MA, Choe A, Rempel A, Wyborny A, Stenmark K, Gilden D. Differential regulation of matrix metalloproteinases in varicella zoster virus-infected human brain vascular adventitial fibroblasts. J Neurol Sci. 2015 Nov 15;358(1-2):444-6. PubMed PMID: 26443282
  • Deng L, Blanco FJ, Stevens H, Lu R, Caudrillier A, McBride M, McClure JD, Grant J, Thomas M, Frid M, Stenmark K, White K, Seto AG, Morrell NW, Bradshaw AC, MacLean MR, Baker AH. MicroRNA-143 Activation Regulates Smooth Muscle and Endothelial Cell Crosstalk in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Circ Res. 2015 Oct 23;117(10):870-83. PubMed PMID: 26311719
  • Zhao L, Oliver E, Maratou K, Atanur SS, Dubois OD, Cotroneo E, Chen CN, Wang L, Arce C, Chabosseau PL, Ponsa-Cobas J, Frid MG, Moyon B, Webster Z, Aldashev A, Ferrer J, Rutter GA, Stenmark KR, Aitman TJ, Wilkins MR. The zinc transporter ZIP12 regulates the pulmonary vascular response to chronic hypoxia. Nature. 2015 Aug 20;524(7565):356-60. PubMed PMID: 26258299
  • Prakash YS, Tschumperlin DJ, Stenmark KR. Coming to terms with tissue engineering and regenerative medicine in the lung. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2015 Oct 1;309(7):L625-38. PubMed PMID: 26254424
  • Cavasin MA, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA. Emerging roles for histone deacetylases in pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular remodeling (2013 Grover Conference series). Pulm Circ. 2015 Mar;5(1):63-72. PubMed PMID: 25992271
  • Stenmark KR, Tuder RM, El Kasmi KC. Metabolic reprogramming and inflammation act in concert to control vascular remodeling in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2015 Nov 15;119(10):1164-72. PubMed PMID: 25930027
  • Newman JH, Holt TN, Cogan JD, Womack B, Phillips JA 3rd, Li C, Kendall Z, Stenmark KR, Thomas MG, Brown RD, Riddle SR, West JD, Hamid R. Increased prevalence of EPAS1 variant in cattle with high-altitude pulmonary hypertension. Nat Commun. 2015 Apr 15;6:6863. PubMed PMID: 25873470
  • Miyamoto SD, Karimpour-Fard A, Peterson V, Auerbach SR, Stenmark KR, Stauffer BL, Sucharov CC. Circulating microRNA as a biomarker for recovery in pediatric dilated cardiomyopathy. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2015 May;34(5):724-33. PubMed PMID: 25840506
  • Irwin DC, Hyen Baek J, Hassell K, Nuss R, Eigenberger P, Lisk C, Loomis Z, Maltzahn J, Stenmark KR, Nozik-Grayck E, Buehler PW. Hemoglobin-induced lung vascular oxidation, inflammation, and remodeling contribute to the progression of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension and is attenuated in rats with repeated-dose haptoglobin administration. Free Radic Biol Med. 2015 Feb 2;82:50-62. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25656991
  • Ranchoux B, Günther S, Quarck R, Chaumais MC, Dorfmüller P, Antigny F, Dumas SJ, Raymond N, Lau E, Savale L, Jaïs X, Sitbon O, Simonneau G, Stenmark K, Cohen-Kaminsky S, Humbert M, Montani D, Perros F. Chemotherapy-induced pulmonary hypertension: role of alkylating agents. Am J Pathol. 2015 Feb;185(2):356-71. PubMed PMID: 25497573
  • Bruns DR, Brown RD, Stenmark KR, Buttrick PM, Walker LA. Mitochondrial integrity in a neonatal bovine model of right ventricular dysfunction. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2015 Jan 15;308(2):L158-67. PubMed PMID: 25416385
  • Pugliese SC, Poth JM, Fini MA, Olschewski A, El Kasmi KC, Stenmark KR. The role of inflammation in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension: from cellular mechanisms to clinical phenotypes. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2015 Feb 1;308(3):L229-L252. PubMed PMID: 25416383
  • Tan W, Madhavan K, Hunter KS, Park D, Stenmark KR. Vascular stiffening in pulmonary hypertension: cause or consequence? (2013 Grover Conference series). Pulm Circ. 2014 Dec;4(4):560-80. PubMed PMID: 25610594
  • Nozik-Grayck E, Woods C, Taylor JM, Benninger RK, Johnson RD, Villegas LR, Stenmark KR, Harrison DG, Majka SM, Irwin D, Farrow KN. Selective depletion of vascular EC-SOD augments chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Dec 1;307(11):L868-76. PubMed PMID: 25326578
  • Tan Y, Tseng PO, Wang D, Zhang H, Hunter K, Hertzberg J, Stenmark KR, Tan W. Stiffening-induced high pulsatility flow activates endothelial inflammation via a TLR2/NF-?B pathway. PLoS One. 2014;9(7):e102195. PubMed PMID: 25029271
  • El Kasmi KC, Pugliese SC, Riddle SR, Poth JM, Anderson AL, Frid MG, Li M, Pullamsetti SS, Savai R, Nagel MA, Fini MA, Graham BB, Tuder RM, Friedman JE, Eltzschig HK, Sokol RJ, Stenmark KR. Adventitial fibroblasts induce a distinct proinflammatory/profibrotic macrophage phenotype in pulmonary hypertension. J Immunol. 2014 Jul 15;193(2):597-609. PubMed PMID: 24928992
  • Fini MA, Wright RM, Stenmark KR, Daniels SR, Johnson RJ. Is uric acid an underdiagnosed mediator of adverse outcome in metabolically healthy overweight/obese individuals?. Am J Med. 2014 Jun;127(6):e21. PubMed PMID: 24856327
  • Miyamoto SD, Stauffer BL, Polk J, Medway A, Friedrich M, Haubold K, Peterson V, Nunley K, Nelson P, Sobus R, Stenmark KR, Sucharov CC. Gene expression and ß-adrenergic signaling are altered in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2014 Aug;33(8):785-93. PubMed PMID: 24793904
  • Colvin KL, Dufva MJ, Delaney RP, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR, Yeager ME. Biomarkers for Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - A Call to Collaborate. Front Pediatr. 2014;2:7. PubMed PMID: 24551834
  • Nijmeh H, Balasubramaniam V, Burns N, Ahmad A, Stenmark KR, Gerasimovskaya EV. High proliferative potential endothelial colony forming cells contribute to hypoxia-induced pulmonary artery vasa vasorum neovascularization. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2014 Feb 7. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24508729
  • Wojciak-Stothard B, Abdul-Salam VB, Lao KH, Tsang H, Irwin DC, Lisk C, Loomis Z, Stenmark KR, Edwards JC, Yuspa SH, Howard LS, Edwards RJ, Rhodes CJ, Gibbs JS, Wharton J, Zhao L, Wilkins MR. Aberrant Chloride Intracellular Channel 4 Expression Contributes to Endothelial Dysfunction in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Circulation. 2014 Feb 6. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24503951
  • Dweik RA, Rounds S, Erzurum SC, Archer S, Fagan K, Hassoun PM, Hill NS, Humbert M, Kawut SM, Krowka M, Michelakis E, Morrell NW, Stenmark K, Tuder RM, Newman J, ATS Committee on Pulmonary Hypertension Phenotypes. An official American Thoracic Society Statement: pulmonary hypertension phenotypes. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2014 Feb 1;189(3):345-55. PubMed PMID: 24484330
  • Williams SM, Golden-Mason L, Ferguson BS, Schuetze KB, Cavasin MA, Demos-Davies K, Yeager ME, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA. Class I HDACs regulate angiotensin II-dependent cardiac fibrosis via fibroblasts and circulating fibrocytes. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2014 Feb;67:112-25. PubMed PMID: 24374140
  • Wang D, Zhang H, Li M, Frid MG, Flockton AR, McKeon BA, Yeager ME, Fini MA, Morrell NW, Pullamsetti SS, Velegala S, Seeger W, McKinsey TA, Sucharov CC, Stenmark KR. MicroRNA-124 Controls the Proliferative, Migratory, and Inflammatory Phenotype of Pulmonary Vascular Fibroblasts. Circ Res. 2014 Jan 3;114(1):67-78. PubMed PMID: 24122720
  • Nagel MA, Traktinskiy I, Stenmark KR, Frid MG, Choe A, Gilden D. Varicella-zoster virus vasculopathy: immune characteristics of virus-infected arteries. Neurology. 2013 Jan 1;80(1):62-8. PubMed PMID: 23243076
  • Stenmark KR, Yeager ME, El Kasmi KC, Nozik-Grayck E, Gerasimovskaya EV, Li M, Riddle SR, Frid MG. The adventitia: essential regulator of vascular wall structure and function. Annu Rev Physiol. 2013;75:23-47. PubMed PMID: 23216413
  • Brown RD, Ambler SK, Li M, Sullivan TM, Henry LN, Crossno JT Jr, Long CS, Garrington TP, Stenmark KR. MAP kinase kinase kinase-2 (MEKK2) regulates hypertrophic remodeling of the right ventricle in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013 Jan 15;304(2):H269-81. PubMed PMID: 23125215
  • Scott D, Tan Y, Shandas R, Stenmark KR, Tan W. High pulsatility flow stimulates smooth muscle cell hypertrophy and contractile protein expression. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2013 Jan 1;304(1):L70-81. PubMed PMID: 23087017
  • Colvin KL, Cripe PJ, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR, Yeager ME. Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue in pulmonary hypertension produces pathologic autoantibodies. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013 Nov 1;188(9):1126-36. PubMed PMID: 24093638
  • Fini MA, Johnson RJ, Stenmark KR, Wright RM. Hypertension, nitrate-nitrite, and xanthine oxidoreductase catalyzed nitric oxide generation: pros and cons. Hypertension. 2013 Sep;62(3):e9. PubMed PMID: 23897071
  • Zhao L, Chen CN, Hajji N, Oliver E, Cotroneo E, Wharton J, Wilkins MR, Wang D, Li M, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA, Buttrick P. Response to letter regarding article, “histone deacetylation inhibition in pulmonary hypertension: therapeutic potential of valproic acid and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid”. Circulation. 2013 Apr 9;127(14):e540. PubMed PMID: 23691553
  • Li M, Tan Y, Stenmark KR, Tan W. High Pulsatility Flow Induces Acute Endothelial Inflammation through Overpolarizing Cells to Activate NF-?B. Cardiovasc Eng Technol. 2013 Mar;4(1):26-38. PubMed PMID: 23667401
  • Adatia I, Haworth SG, Wegner M, Barst RJ, Ivy D, Stenmark KR, Karkowsky A, Rosenzweig E, Aguilar C. Clinical trials in neonates and children: Report of the pulmonary hypertension academic research consortium pediatric advisory committee. Pulm Circ. 2013 Jan;3(1):252-66. PubMed PMID: 23662203
  • Bull TM, Stenmark KR. Mechanics and mechanisms of pulmonary hypertension: An introduction to the 55(th) annual Thomas L. Petty Aspen Lung Conference. Pulm Circ. 2013 Jan;3(1):127. PubMed PMID: 23662188
  • Umapathy SN, Kaczmarek E, Fatteh N, Burns N, Lucas R, Stenmark KR, Verin AD, Gerasimovskaya EV. Adenosine A1 receptors promote vasa vasorum endothelial cell barrier integrity via Gi and Akt-dependent actin cytoskeleton remodeling. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e59733. PubMed PMID: 23613714
  • Nagel MA, Traktinskiy I, Stenmark KR, Frid MG, Choe A, Gilden D. Varicella-zoster virus vasculopathy: immune characteristics of virus-infected arteries. Neurology. 2013 Jan 1;80(1):62-8. PubMed PMID: 23243076
  • Brown RD, Ambler SK, Li M, Sullivan TM, Henry LN, Crossno JT Jr, Long CS, Garrington TP, Stenmark KR. MAP kinase kinase kinase-2 (MEKK2) regulates hypertrophic remodeling of the right ventricle in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013 Jan 15;304(2):H269-81. PubMed PMID: 23125215
  • Scott D, Tan Y, Shandas R, Stenmark KR, Tan W. High pulsatility flow stimulates smooth muscle cell hypertrophy and contractile protein expression. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2013 Jan 1;304(1):L70-81. PubMed PMID: 23087017
  • Tuder RM, Archer SL, Dorfmüller P, Erzurum SC, Guignabert C, Michelakis E, Rabinovitch M, Schermuly R, Stenmark KR, Morrell NW. Relevant issues in the pathology and pathobiology of pulmonary hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2013 Dec 24;62(25 Suppl):D4-12. PubMed PMID: 24355640
  • Clambey ET, McNamee EN, Westrich JA, Glover LE, Campbell EL, Jedlicka P, de Zoeten EF, Cambier JC, Stenmark KR, Colgan SP, Eltzschig HK. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha-dependent induction of FoxP3 drives regulatory T-cell abundance and function during inflammatory hypoxia of the mucosa. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Oct 9;109(41):E2784-93. PubMed PMID: 22988108
  • Yeager ME, Reddy MB, Nguyen CM, Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Activation of the unfolded protein response is associated with pulmonary hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2012 Apr-Jun;2(2):229-40. PubMed PMID: 22837864
  • Reusser M, Hunter KS, Lammers SR, Stenmark KR. Validation of a pressure diameter method for determining modulus and strain of collagen engagement for long branches of bovine pulmonary arteries. J Biomech Eng. 2012 May;134(5):054501. PubMed PMID: 22757496
  • Panzhinskiy E, Zawada WM, Stenmark KR, Das M. Hypoxia induces unique proliferative response in adventitial fibroblasts by activating PDGFß receptor-JNK1 signalling. Cardiovasc Res. 2012 Aug 1;95(3):356-65. PubMed PMID: 22735370
  • Buehler PW, Baek JH, Lisk C, Connor I, Sullivan T, Kominsky D, Majka S, Stenmark KR, Nozik-Grayck E, Bonaventura J, Irwin DC. Free hemoglobin induction of pulmonary vascular disease: evidence for an inflammatory mechanism. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2012 Aug 15;303(4):L312-26. PubMed PMID: 22728465
  • Zhao L, Chen CN, Hajji N, Oliver E, Cotroneo E, Wharton J, Wang D, Li M, McKinsey TA, Stenmark KR, Wilkins MR. Histone deacetylation inhibition in pulmonary hypertension: therapeutic potential of valproic acid and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid. Circulation. 2012 Jul 24;126(4):455-67. PubMed PMID: 22711276
  • Yeager ME, Colvin KL, Everett AD, Stenmark KR, Ivy DD. Plasma proteomics of differential outcome to long-term therapy in children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Proteomics Clin Appl. 2012 Jun;6(5-6):257-67. PubMed PMID: 22653875
  • Anwar A, Li M, Frid MG, Kumar B, Gerasimovskaya EV, Riddle SR, McKeon BA, Thukaram R, Meyrick BO, Fini MA, Stenmark KR. Osteopontin is an endogenous modulator of the constitutively activated phenotype of pulmonary adventitial fibroblasts in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2012 Jul 1;303(1):L1-L11. PubMed PMID: 22582113
  • Stenmark KR, Frid MG, Yeager M, Li M, Riddle S, McKinsey T, El Kasmi KC. Targeting the adventitial microenvironment in pulmonary hypertension: A potential approach to therapy that considers epigenetic change. Pulm Circ. 2012 Jan-Mar;2(1):3-14. PubMed PMID: 22558514
  • Cavasin MA, Demos-Davies K, Horn TR, Walker LA, Lemon DD, Birdsey N, Weiser-Evans MC, Harral J, Irwin DC, Anwar A, Yeager ME, Li M, Watson PA, Nemenoff RA, Buttrick PM, Stenmark KR, McKinsey TA. Selective class I histone deacetylase inhibition suppresses hypoxia-induced cardiopulmonary remodeling through an antiproliferative mechanism. Circ Res. 2012 Mar 2;110(5):739-48. PubMed PMID: 22282194
  • Tian L, Lammers SR, Kao PH, Albietz JA, Stenmark KR, Qi HJ, Shandas R, Hunter KS. Impact of residual stretch and remodeling on collagen engagement in healthy and pulmonary hypertensive calf pulmonary arteries at physiological pressures. Ann Biomed Eng. 2012 Jul;40(7):1419-33. PubMed PMID: 22237861
  • Lammers S, Scott D, Hunter K, Tan W, Shandas R, Stenmark KR. Mechanics and Function of the Pulmonary Vasculature: Implications for Pulmonary Vascular Disease and Right Ventricular Function. Compr Physiol. 2012 Jan 1;2(1):295-319. PubMed PMID: 23487595
  • Yeager ME, Nguyen CM, Belchenko DD, Colvin KL, Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Circulating myeloid-derived suppressor cells are increased and activated in pulmonary hypertension. Chest. 2012 Apr;141(4):944-52. PubMed PMID: 21940769
  • Carpenter TC, Schroeder W, Stenmark KR, Schmidt EP. Eph-A2 promotes permeability and inflammatory responses to bleomycin-induced lung injury. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012 Jan;46(1):40-7. PubMed PMID: 21799118
  • Yeager ME, Belchenko DD, Nguyen CM, Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Endothelin-1, the unfolded protein response, and persistent inflammation: role of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012 Jan;46(1):14-22. PubMed PMID: 21778413
  • Yeager ME, Nguyen CM, Belchenko DD, Colvin KL, Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Circulating fibrocytes are increased in children and young adults with pulmonary hypertension. Eur Respir J. 2012 Jan;39(1):104-11. PubMed PMID: 21700605
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Professional Memberships

  • American Heart Association Council on Cardiopulmonary, Perioperative and Critical Care, Inaugural Fellow
  • American Thoracic Society (ATS), Member

Practice Locations

Children's Hospital Colorado
13123 East 16th Ave
Aurora, CO 80045
720-777-1234

Hospital Affiliation
  • Children's Hospital Colorado

Specialty Information

Specialties
  • Pediatrics, Board Certification
  • Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Medicine, Board Certification
Conditions & Treatments
  • Child and Teen Health
  • Critical Care
  • Lungs and Breathing
Clinical Interest for Patients
I am interested in Pulmonary Hypertension, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia and Head Injury.

General Information

Medical Schools:
  • MD, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine (1977)
Residency Programs:
  • University of Colorado, Pediatrics (1981)
Fellowships:
  • University of Colorado, Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Medicine (1984)
Languages: English
Department: Pediatrics-Critical Care Medicine
;