Richard Ing, MD
Professor, Anesthesiology-Pediatric Anesthesiology

Medical School:
  • MB ChB, University Of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa (1988)
  • Johannesburg General Hospital (1989)
  • University Of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, Anesthesiology (1995)
Languages: English
Department: Anesthesiology-Pediatric Anesthesiology

Professional Titles

  • Director of Clinical Research Anesthesiology


  • Schäfer M, Frank BS, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Stenmark KR, Mitchell MB, Browne LP, Barker AJ, Hunter KS, Kheyfets V, Miller-Reed K, Ing RJ, Morgan GJ, Truong U. Short-Term Effects of Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Right Ventricular Flow Hemodynamics by 4-Dimensional-Flow Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Children With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. J Am Heart Assoc. 2021 Apr 6:e020548. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.120.020548. PMID: 33821682
  • Cooney SJ, Klawitter J, Khailova L, Robison J, Jaggers J, Ing RJ, Lawson S, Frank BS, Lujan SO, Davidson JA. Regional lung metabolic profile in a piglet model of cardiopulmonary bypass with circulatory arrest. Metabolomics. 2021 Sep 22;17(10):89. doi: 10.1007/s11306-021-01842-y. PMID: 34553313
  • Welch TP, Trivedi PM, Fang ZA, Ing RJ, Mittnacht AJC, Mossad EB. Selected 2020 Highlights in Congenital Cardiac Anesthesia. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021 Apr 1:S1053-0770(21)00289-5. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2021.03.047. Online ahead of print. PMID: 33934987
  • Houska N, Ing RJ, Chatterjee D. Difficult Endotracheal Intubation in Adult Congenital Heart Disease Patients. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2021 Aug 26:S1053-0770(21)00703-5. PMID: 34521581
  • Clopton R, Ing RJ, Kaufman J. Do Down Syndrome children require more opioids during cardiac surgery?" DOI:
  • Khailova L, Robison J, Jaggers J, Ing RJ, Lawson S, Treece A, Soranno D, Osorio Lujan S, Davidson JA. Tissue alkaline phosphatase activity and expression in an experimental infant swine model of cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. J Inflamm (Lond) 2020; 17: 27. Published online 2020 Aug 12. doi: 10.1186/s12950-020-00256-2. PMCID: PMC7422466.
  • Censoplano NM, Barrett CS, Ing RJ, Reichert K, Rannie M, Kaufman J. Achieving Sustainability in Reducing Unplanned Extubations in a Pediatric Cardiac ICU. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2020 Apr;21(4):350-356. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000002193. PMID: 31688673
  • Zacherie R. Conover ZR, Talai A, Klockau KS, Ing RJ, Chatterjee D. Perioperative Management of Children on Ketogenic Dietary Therapies. Anesth and Analg Anesth Analg 2020 doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000005018. PMID: 32769381
  • Ing RJ, Mclennan D, Twite MD, DiMaria M. Anesthetic Considerations for Fontan-Associated Liver Disease and the Failing Fontan Circuit. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 Feb 29. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2020.02.040. PMID: 32249074
  • Houska N, Twite MD, Ing RJ. The Importance of the Airway in Children Undergoing Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2020 Sep 10; S1053-0770(20)30995-2. DOI: 10.1053/j.jvca.2020.09.089 PMID: 33004270
  • Ing RJ, Chatterjee D, Twite MD. Resuscitating Children with COVID-19: What the Pediatric Anesthesiologist Needs to Know. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 Jun 16: doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2020.06.037. PMID: 32624434.
  • Ing RJ, Bills C, Merritt G, Ragusa R, Bremner RM, Bellia F. The role of helmet-delivered noninvasive pressure support ventilation in COVID-19 patients. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 May 8 doi: 0.1053/j.jvca.2020.04.060 [Epub ahead of print] PMCID: PMC7205670
  • Stone M, Choi R, Ing, RJ. Optimization of Right Internal Jugular central venous catheter length in pediatric cardiac surgical patients Accepted in press J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2020 Sep;34(9):2392-2394. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2020.04.034. PMID: 32534878
  • Echaniz G, De Miguel M, Merritt G, Sierra P, Bora P, Borah N, Ciarallo C, de Nadal M, Ing RJ, Bosenberg A. Bilateral suprazygomatic maxillary nerve blocks vs. infraorbital and palatine nerve blocks in cleft lip and palate repair: A double-blind prospective, randomised study. Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2018 Oct 10. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30308523
  • Stone M, Ing RJ. Transthoracic Ventricular Septal Defect Closure in Children: An Evolving Treatment Strategy as an Alternative to Open Surgical Repair. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Aug 7. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30217586
  • Schäfer M, Wilson N, Ivy DD, Ing R, Abman S, Browne LP, Morgan G, Ross M, McLennan D, Barker AJ, Fonseca B, Di Maria M, Hunter KS, Truong U. Noninvasive wave intensity analysis predicts functional worsening in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2018 Oct 1;315(4):H968-H977. PubMed PMID: 30004811
  • Ing RJ, Twite MD. Toward Improved Neurodevelopmental Outcomes: The Role of Transfontanel Ultrasound Assessment of Cerebral Blood Flow in Infants Undergoing Cardiac Surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Aug;32(4):1655-1656. PubMed PMID: 29501227
  • Ing RJ, Twite MD. Noteworthy Literature published in 2017 for Congenital Cardiac Anesthesiologists. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2018 Mar;22(1):35-48. PubMed PMID: 29400257
  • Ing RJ, Hoagland M, Mayes L, Twite M. The anesthetic management of button battery ingestion in children. Can J Anaesth. 2018 Mar;65(3):309-318. PubMed PMID: 29168156
  • Ing RJ, Twite M, Barrett C. Review of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database: 2017 Update on Outcomes and Quality Implications for the Anesthesiologist. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Dec;31(6):1934-1938. PubMed PMID: 29107588
  • Truong UT, Fagan TE, Deterding R, Ing RJ, Fonseca BM. Use of rotational angiography in assessing relationship of the airway to vasculature during cardiac catheterization. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2015 Nov 15;86(6):1068-77. PubMed PMID: 26279410
  • Ngo KD, Pian P, Hanfland R, Nichols CS, Merritt GR, Campbell D, Ing RJ. Cardiac Injury After All-Terrain Vehicle Accidents in 2 Children and a Review of the Literature. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2015 Oct 13. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26466145
  • Jone PN, Tapia D, Davidson J, Fagan TE, Browne L, Ing RJ, Kay J. Successful Treatment of Myocardial Infarction in an Infant With Kawasaki Disease. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2015 Sep;19(3):255-9. PubMed PMID: 25700695
  • Ing RJ, Twite MD. The year in review: anesthesia for congenital heart disease 2014. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2015 Mar;19(1):12-20. PubMed PMID: 25667304
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Practice Locations

Children's Hospital Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
13123 East 16th Ave
Aurora, CO 80045

Hospital Affiliation
  • Children's Hospital Colorado

Specialty Information

  • Anesthesiology
  • Pediatric Anesthesiology
  • Specialist register Anesthesiologist United Kingdom, License (1997)
  • Specialist in Anesthesiology South Africa, Board Certification (1995)
Clinical Interests
single ventricle anatomy, cardiomyopathy, cardiac surgery

Care Philosophy
It is an honor to work at Children's Hospital Colorado

General Information

Medical Schools:
  • MB ChB, University Of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa (1988)
  • Johannesburg General Hospital (1989)
Residency Programs:
  • University Of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, Anesthesiology (1995)
Languages: English
Department: Anesthesiology-Pediatric Anesthesiology
Contact Us
CU Anschutz
Fitzsimons Building

13001 East 17th Place
Campus Box C290
Aurora, CO 80045

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