Vikas Patel, MD
Professor, Orthopedics

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Medical Schools:
  • MD, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine (1997)
  • MA, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine (1997)
Undergraduate School:
  • BS, University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign (IL) (1991)
Internship:
  • University of California (San Francisco) Program (1998)
Residency:
  • University of California (San Francisco) Program, Orthopedics (2003)
Fellowships:
  • St. John's Hospital Spine Fellowship (Cedars Sinai Program), Orthopedic Surgery of the Spine (2003)
Languages: English, German, Gujarati
Department: Orthopedics

Professional Titles

  • Executive Vice Chair, Department of Orthopedic Surgery
  • Professor
  • Spine Surgeon

Research Interests

Currently, my research focus entails spinal non-fusion technologies, cervical and lumbar disc replacement, dynamic stabilization, alternative bone graft materials for fusion, minimally invasive surgical techniques and computer-assisted surgery. My basic science research includes the study of stem cell therapies, spinal biologics, spinal biomechanics, and the evaluation of pain. Additional research includes assessing the efficacy of marijuana based pain treatment.

Teaching

  • Fellowship Co-Director (2017)
    School of Medicine, Orthopedics
    Spine Surgery

Publications

  • Volpe RH, Mistry D, Patel VV, Patel RR, Yakacki CM. Dynamically Crystalizing Liquid-Crystal Elastomers for an Expandable Endplate-Conforming Interbody Fusion Cage. Adv Healthc Mater. 2020 Jan;9(1):e1901136. PubMed PMID: 31805223
  • Clavijo CF, Oliva AM, Dingmann C, Kaizer A, Christians U, Burger E, Patel V, Kleck CJ, Vogel SA, Scott BK, Janik DJ, Jameson LC, Ginde AA. Toxicology Screening Testing in Patients Undergoing Spine Surgery: A Prospective Observational Pilot Study. Ther Drug Monit. 2020 Nov 9. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 33181620
  • Patel VV, Wuthrich ZR, Ortega A, Ferguson VL, Lindley EM. Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 Improves Spine Fusion in a Vitamin D-Deficient Rat Model. Int J Spine Surg. 2020 Oct;14(5):694-705. PubMed PMID: 33077435
  • Ou-Yang D, Moldavsky M, Wessell N, Brooks DM, Titanti M, Matheis EA, Bucklen BS, Patel V. Evaluation of Spinous Process Tethering at the Proximal End of Rigid Constructs: In Vitro Range of Motion and Intradiscal Pressure at Instrumented and Adjacent Levels. Int J Spine Surg. 2020 Aug;14(4):571-579. PubMed PMID: 32986580
  • Rodriguez-Fontan F, Reeves BJ, Noshchenko A, Ou-Yang D, Kleck CJ, Cain C, Burger-Van der Walt E, Patel VV. Answer to the Letter to the Editor of O. Ersen concerning "Strap stabilization for proximal junctional kyphosis prevention in instrumented posterior spinal fusion'' by Rodriguez-Fontan F, et al. (Eur Spine J; [2020]:1287-1296, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-020-06291-0). Eur Spine J. 2020 Sep;29(9):2407. PubMed PMID: 32749617
  • Patel V, Kovalsky D, Meyer SC, Chowdhary A, Lockstadt H, Techy F, Langel C, Limoni R, Yuan PS, Kranenburg A, Cher D, Tender G, Hillen TJ. Prospective Trial of Sacroiliac Joint Fusion Using 3D-Printed Triangular Titanium Implants. Med Devices (Auckl). 2020;13:173-182. PubMed PMID: 32607011
  • Ayers R, Patel V, Burger E, Cain C, Ou-Yang D, Wessell N, Kleck C. Corrosion of Titanium Spinal Explants Is Similar to That Observed in Oil Field Line Pipe Steel: Evidence of Microbial-Influenced Corrosion In Vivo. Orthopedics. 2020 Jan 1;43(1):62-67. PubMed PMID: 31958342
  • Rodriguez-Fontan F, Reeves BJ, Noshchenko A, Ou-Yang D, Kleck CJ, Cain C, Burger-Van der Walt E, Patel VV. Strap stabilization for proximal junctional kyphosis prevention in instrumented posterior spinal fusion. Eur Spine J. 2020 Jun;29(6):1287-1296. PubMed PMID: 31938947
  • Volpe RH, Mistry D, Patel VV, Patel RR, Yakacki CM. Dynamically Crystalizing Liquid-Crystal Elastomers for an Expandable Endplate-Conforming Interbody Fusion Cage. Adv Healthc Mater. 2020 Jan;9(1):e1901136. PubMed PMID: 31805223
  • Kleck CJ, Calabrese D, Reeves BJ, Cain CMJ, Patel VV, Noshchenko A, Burger-Van der Walt EL. Long-Term Treatment Effect and Predictability of Spinopelvic Alignment After Surgical Correction of Adult Spine Deformity With Patient-Specific Spine Rods. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 Apr 1;45(7):E387-E396. PubMed PMID: 31651682
  • Jesse MK, Cleveland AW 3rd, Reiter MJ, Patel VV, Kleck CJ. Transpedicular-Transdiscal Cement Augmentation Treatment of Thoracolumbar Fusion Proximal Junctional Failure. Int J Spine Surg. 2019 Oct;13(5):470-473. PubMed PMID: 31741835
  • Kleck C, Calabrese D, Reeves BJ, Cain CMJ, Patel VV, Noshchenko A, Burger EL. Long-Term Treatment Effect and Predictability of Spinopelvic Alignment after Surgical Correction of Adult Spine Deformity (ASD) with Patient-Specific Spine Rods (PSSR). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Oct 15. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31651682
  • Yue JJ, Garcia R, Blumenthal S, Coric D, Patel VV, Dinh DH, Buttermann GR, Deutsch H, Miller LE, Persaud EJ, Ferko NC. Five-year Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial for Lumbar Artificial Discs in Single-level Degenerative Disc Disease. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Dec 15;44(24):1685-1696. PubMed PMID: 31404055
  • Patel V, Kovalsky D, Meyer SC, Chowdhary A, Lockstadt H, Techy F, Billys J, Limoni R, Yuan PS, Kranenburg A, Cher D, Tender G. Minimally invasive lateral transiliac sacroiliac joint fusion using 3D-printed triangular titanium implants. Med Devices (Auckl). 2019;12:203-214. PubMed PMID: 31239791
  • Hodges PW, Cholewicki J, Popovich JM Jr, Lee AS, Aminpour P, Gray SA, Cibulka MT, Cusi M, Degenhardt BF, Fryer G, Gutke A, Kennedy DJ, Laslett M, Lee D, Mens J, Patel VV, Prather H, Sturesson B, Stuge B, Vleeming A. Building a Collaborative Model of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction and Pelvic Girdle Pain to Understand the Diverse Perspectives of Experts. PM R. 2019 Aug;11 Suppl 1:S11-S23. PubMed PMID: 31169360
  • Cleveland AW 3rd, Nhan DT, Akiyama M, Kleck CJ, Noshchenko A, Patel VV. Mini-open sacroiliac joint fusion with direct bone grafting and minimally invasive fixation using intraoperative navigation. J Spine Surg. 2019 Mar;5(1):31-37. PubMed PMID: 31032436
  • Hollenbeck JFM, Fattor JA, Patel V, Burger E, Rullkoetter PJ, Cain CMJ. Validation of Pre-operative Templating for Total Disc Replacement Surgery. Int J Spine Surg. 2019 Jan;13(1):84-91. PubMed PMID: 30805290
  • Jesse MK, Cleveland AW 3rd, Reiter MJ, Patel VV, Kleck CJ. Transpedicular-Transdiscal Cement Augmentation Treatment of Thoracolumbar Fusion Proximal Junctional Failure. Int J Spine Surg. 2019 Oct;13(5):470-473. PubMed PMID: 31741835
  • Yue JJ, Garcia R, Blumenthal S, Coric D, Patel VV, Dinh DH, Buttermann GR, Deutsch H, Miller LE, Persaud EJ, Ferko NC. Five-year Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial for Lumbar Artificial Discs in Single-level Degenerative Disc Disease. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Dec 15;44(24):1685-1696. PubMed PMID: 31404055
  • Patel V, Kovalsky D, Meyer SC, Chowdhary A, Lockstadt H, Techy F, Billys J, Limoni R, Yuan PS, Kranenburg A, Cher D, Tender G. Minimally invasive lateral transiliac sacroiliac joint fusion using 3D-printed triangular titanium implants. Med Devices (Auckl). 2019;12:203-214. PubMed PMID: 31239791
  • Hodges PW, Cholewicki J, Popovich JM Jr, Lee AS, Aminpour P, Gray SA, Cibulka MT, Cusi M, Degenhardt BF, Fryer G, Gutke A, Kennedy DJ, Laslett M, Lee D, Mens J, Patel VV, Prather H, Sturesson B, Stuge B, Vleeming A. Building a Collaborative Model of Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction and Pelvic Girdle Pain to Understand the Diverse Perspectives of Experts. PM R. 2019 Aug;11 Suppl 1:S11-S23. PubMed PMID: 31169360
  • Cleveland AW 3rd, Nhan DT, Akiyama M, Kleck CJ, Noshchenko A, Patel VV. Mini-open sacroiliac joint fusion with direct bone grafting and minimally invasive fixation using intraoperative navigation. J Spine Surg. 2019 Mar;5(1):31-37. PubMed PMID: 31032436
  • 1. Patel RR, Noshchenko A, Carpenter D, Baldini T, Frick CP, Patel VV, Yakacki CM, “Evaluation and Prediction of Human Lumbar Vertebrae Endplate Mechanical Properties Using Indentation and Computed Tomography”, J Biomech Eng, Oct 2018:1;140(10).
  • 2. Bortot M, Laughter MR, Stein M, Rocker A, Patel VV, Park D, “Quaternized Q-PEIPPAm-Based Antimicrobial Reverse Thermal Gel: A Potential for Surgical Incision Drapes” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2018 May:10(21), pp 1766-17671.
  • 3. Ayers R, Miller M, Schowinsky J, Burger E, Patel VV, Kleck CJ, “Three Cases of Metallosis Associated with Spine Instrumentation”, J Mater Sci: Mater Med, 2018, 29:3.
  • 4. Kleck CJ, Johnson C, Akiyama M, Burger E, Cain C, Patel VV, “One-step Minimally Invasive Pedicle Screw Instrumentation Using O-Arm and Stealth Navigation” Clinical Spine Surgery, 2018
  • Pelvic Incidence Changes Between Flexion and Extension. Schroeder N, Noschenko A, Burger E, Patel V, Cain C, Ou-Yang D, Kleck C. Spine Deform. 2018 Nov - Dec;6(6):753-761.
  • Schroeder N, Noschenko A, Burger E, Patel V, Cain C, Ou-Yang D, Kleck C. Pelvic Incidence Changes Between Flexion and Extension. Spine Deform. 2018 Nov - Dec;6(6):753-761. PubMed PMID: 30348355
  • Nunley PD, Patel VV, Orndorff DG, Lavelle WF, Block JE, Geisler FH. Interspinous Process Decompression Improves Quality of Life in Patients with Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. Minim Invasive Surg. 2018;2018:1035954. PubMed PMID: 30057811
  • Patel RR, Noshchenko A, Dana Carpenter R, Baldini T, Frick CP, Patel VV, Yakacki CM. Evaluation and Prediction of Human Lumbar Vertebrae Endplate Mechanical Properties Using Indentation and Computed Tomography. J Biomech Eng. 2018 Oct 1;140(10). PubMed PMID: 30029240
  • Bozzio AE, Johnson CR, Fattor JA, Kleck CJ, Patel VV, Burger EL, Noshchenko A, Cain CMJ. Stand-alone Anterior Lumbar Interbody, Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody, and Anterior/Posterior Fusion: Analysis of Fusion Outcomes and Costs. Orthopedics. 2018 Sep 1;41(5):e655-e662. PubMed PMID: 30011051
  • Kleck CJ, Illing D, Lindley EM, Noshchenko A, Patel VV, Barton C, Baldini T, Cain CMJ, Burger EL. Reply to Letter to Editor: Strain in Posterior Instrumentation Resulted by Different Combinations of Posterior and Anterior Devices for Long Spine Fusion Constructs. Spine Deform. 2018 May - Jun;6(3):335-340. PubMed PMID: 29735147
  • Bortot M, Laughter MR, Stein M, Rocker A, Patel V, Park D. Quaternized Q-PEIPAAm-Based Antimicrobial Reverse Thermal Gel: A Potential for Surgical Incision Drapes. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2018 May 30;10(21):17662-17671. PubMed PMID: 29733574
  • Coric D, Bullard DE, Patel VV, Ryaby JT, Atkinson BL, He D, Guyer RD. Pulsed electromagnetic field stimulation may improve fusion rates in cervical arthrodesis in high-risk populations. Bone Joint Res. 2018 Feb;7(2):124-130. PubMed PMID: 29437635
  • Kleck CJ, Johnson C, Akiyama M, Burger EL, Cain CJ, Patel VV. One-step Minimally Invasive Pedicle Screw Instrumentation Using O-Arm and Stealth Navigation. Clin Spine Surg. 2018 Jun;31(5):197-202. PubMed PMID: 29389770
  • Patel VV, Andersson GB, Garfin SR, Resnick DL, Block JE. Utilization of CT scanning associated with complex spine surgery. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2017 Jan 31;18(1):52. PubMed PMID: 28143506
  • Kleck CJ, Illing D, Lindley EM, Noshchenko A, Patel VV, Barton C, Baldini T, Cain CM, Burger EL. Strain in Posterior Instrumentation Resulted by Different Combinations of Posterior and Anterior Devices for Long Spine Fusion Constructs. Spine Deform. 2017 Jan;5(1):27-36. PubMed PMID: 28038691
  • Lindley EM, Barton C, Blount T, Burger EL, Cain CM, Seim HB 3rd, Turner AS, Patel VV. An analysis of spine fusion outcomes in sheep pre-clinical models. Eur Spine J. 2017 Jan;26(1):228-239. PubMed PMID: 27165183
  • Patel VV, Wuthrich Z, McGilvray K, Lafleur M, Lindley E, Sun D, Puttlitz C, “ Cervical facet force analysis after disc replacement versus fusion” Clinical Biomechanics. Vol. 44, 2017 May, pp 52-58, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2017.03.007
  • Bae HW, Patel VV, Sardar ZM, Badura JM, Pradhan BB, Seim HB 3rd, Turner AS, Toth JM. Transient Local Bone Remodeling Effects of rhBMP-2 in an Ovine Interbody Spine Fusion Model. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Dec 21;98(24):2061-2070. PubMed PMID: 28002369
  • Zaghloul KM, Matoian BJ, Denardin NB, Patel VV. Preventing Proximal Adjacent Level Kyphosis With Strap Stabilization. Orthopedics. 2016 Jul 1;39(4):e794-9. PubMed PMID: 27158827
  • Fattor JA, Hollenbeck JF, Laz PJ, Rullkoetter PJ, Burger EL, Patel VV, Cain CM. Patient-Specific Templating of Lumbar Total Disk Replacement to Restore Normal Anatomy and Function. Orthopedics. 2016 Mar-Apr;39(2):97-102. PubMed PMID: 27023417
  • Kleck CJ, Perry JM, Burger EL, Cain CM, Milligan K, Patel VV. Sacroiliac Joint Treatment Personalized to Individual Patient Anatomy Using 3-Dimensional Navigation. Orthopedics. 2016 Mar-Apr;39(2):89-94. PubMed PMID: 27023416
  • Patel VV, Payne K. Cellular Grafts for Bone Formation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Apr;41 Suppl 7:S13. PubMed PMID: 27015059
  • Rashbaum RF, Ohnmeiss DD, Lindley EM, Kitchel SH, Patel VV. Sacroiliac Joint Pain and Its Treatment. Clin Spine Surg. 2016 Mar;29(2):42-8. PubMed PMID: 26889985
  • Kleck CJ, Cullilmore I, LaFleur M, Lindley E, Rentschler ME, Burger EL, Cain CM, Patel VV. A new 3-dimensional method for measuring precision in surgical navigation and methods to optimize navigation accuracy. Eur Spine J. 2016 Jun;25(6):1764-74. PubMed PMID: 26394858
  • Noshchenko A, Lindley EM, Burger EL, Cain CM, Patel VV. What Is the Clinical Relevance of Radiographic Nonunion After Single-Level Lumbar Interbody Arthrodesis in Degenerative Disc Disease?: A Meta-Analysis of the YODA Project Database. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2016 Jan;41(1):9-17. PubMed PMID: 26274529
  • Barton C, Noshchenko A, Patel V, Kleck C, Burger E. Early Experience and Initial Outcomes With Patient-Specific Spine Rods for Adult Spinal Deformity. Orthopedics. 2016 Mar-Apr;39(2):79-86. PubMed PMID: 27023415
  • Garcia R Jr, Yue JJ, Blumenthal S, Coric D, Patel VV, Leary SP, Dinh DH, Buttermann GR, Deutsch H, Girardi F, Billys J, Miller LE. Lumbar Total Disc Replacement for Discogenic Low Back Pain: Two-year Outcomes of the activL Multicenter Randomized Controlled IDE Clinical Trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Dec;40(24):1873-81. PubMed PMID: 26630435
  • Patel VV, Nunley PD, Whang PG, Haley TR, Bradley WD, Davis RP, Block JE, Geisler FH. Superion(®) InterSpinous Spacer for treatment of moderate degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis: durable three-year results of a randomized controlled trial. J Pain Res. 2015;8:657-62. PubMed PMID: 26491369
  • Lindley EM, Milligan K, Farmer R, Burger EL, Patel VV. Patient-Controlled Transdermal Fentanyl Versus Intravenous Morphine Pump After Spine Surgery. Orthopedics. 2015 Sep;38(9):e819-24. PubMed PMID: 26375541
  • Noshchenko A, Hoffecker L, Lindley EM, Burger EL, Cain CM, Patel VV, Bradford AP. Predictors of spine deformity progression in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A systematic review with meta-analysis. World J Orthop. 2015 Aug 18;6(7):537-58. PubMed PMID: 26301183
  • Patel VV, Whang PG, Haley TR, Bradley WD, Nunley PD, Davis RP, Miller LE, Block JE, Geisler FH. Superion interspinous process spacer for intermittent neurogenic claudication secondary to moderate lumbar spinal stenosis: two-year results from a randomized controlled FDA-IDE pivotal trial. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2015 Mar 1;40(5):275-82. PubMed PMID: 25494323
  • Whang PG, Sasso RC, Patel VV, Ali RM, Fischgrund JS. Comparison of axial and anterior interbody fusions of the L5-S1 segment: a retrospective cohort analysis. J Spinal Disord Tech. 2013 Dec;26(8):437-43. PubMed PMID: 24196923
  • Noshchenko A, Plaseied A, Patel VV, Burger E, Baldini T, Yun L. Correlation of vertebral strength topography with 3-dimensional computed tomographic structure. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Feb 15;38(4):339-49. PubMed PMID: 22869060
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Professional Memberships

  • North American Spine Society, Member
  • American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgery, Member
  • Colorado Medical Society (CMS), Member
  • Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), Member
  • Western Orthopaedic Association (WOA), Member
  • AO North America, Member
  • International Association for the Study of Pain, Member
  • Spine Arthroplasty Association, Member
  • Society of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Member

Practice Locations

UCHealth Spine Center - Anschutz Medical Campus
Anschutz Inpatient Pavilion - 1st Floor
12605 E. 16th Avenue
Aurora, CO 80045
720-848-1980

UCHealth - Lone Tree Health Center
9548 Park Meadows Drive
Lone Tree, CO 80124
720-848-2200

UCHealth Longs Peak Hospital
1750 E. Ken Pratt Boulevard
Longmont, CO 80504
720-718-7000

UCHealth Highlands Ranch Hospital
1500 Park Central Drive
Highlands Ranch, CO 80129
720-516-1000

Hospital Affiliation
  • University of Colorado Hospital
  • UCHealth Highlands Ranch Hospital
Center Affiliations

Specialty Information

Specialties
  • Orthopedic Surgery of the Spine, Board Certification (2006)
Conditions & Treatments
  • Bones, Joints and Muscles - Back Pain
  • Bones, Joints and Muscles - Fractures
  • Bones, Joints and Muscles - Neck Disorders and Injuries
  • Bones, Joints and Muscles - Scoliosis
  • Bones, Joints and Muscles - Spine Injuries
  • Symptoms and Manifestations - Pain
  • Spinal Deformity
  • Failed Prior Surgery
  • Spine - Sacroiliac Joint
  • Brain and Nervous System - Spine Diseases and Conditions
  • Spine - Spondylolysis
  • Spine - Spondylolisthesis
  • Spine - Slipped Disc
  • Spine - Scoliosis
  • Spine - Sciatica
  • Spine - Radiculopathy
  • Spine - Myelopathy
  • Spine - Lumbar spinal stenosis
  • Spine - Lumbar disc herniation
  • Spine - Degenerative Scoliosis
  • Spine - Degenerative Disc Disease
  • Spine - Cervical spinal stenosis
  • Spine - Cervical disc herniation
  • Spine
  • Infections
  • Bones, Joints and Muscles
  • Brain and Nervous System
  • Symptoms and Manifestations
Clinical Interests
Minimally invasive spine surgery of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine with a conservative-first approach and motion preservation whenever possible. I also treat complex spine problems including failed back and neck surgery and conditions which patients may have been told can't be treated.

Care Philosophy
I currently serve as the Executive Vice Chair of the Department of Orthopedic Surgery. As an academic spine surgeon, it is my responsibility to stay involved in the latest spine care research findings, techniques, and technologies. As a clinician, I must also use the latest diagnostic technologies to first find the source of discomfort and disability in my patients. I then look to my training and experience to educate my patients on treatment options and together judge which might be the best treatment for each individual patient without increasing the risk of complications. We can thus choose the best technology together based on their condition and expectation from surgical treatment. Surgery, however, is a last resort to be chosen only if conservative measures fail to provide sufficient relief. I earned my Bachelor's degree in Mechanical Engineering and worked as an engineer before earning both a Master's of Arts and a Doctor of Medicine degree at Washington University in St. Louis. My orthopedic spine surgery training took place at the University of California (San Francisco), and my specialized fellowship training was at St. John’s Hospital in Santa Monica.

Personal Interests
Minimally invasive spine surgery of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. I also treat complex spine problems including failed back and neck surgery as well as conditions which patients may have been told can't be treated.

General Information

Medical Schools:
  • MD, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine (1997)
  • MA, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine (1997)
Undergraduate Schools:
  • BS, University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign (IL) (1991)
Internships:
  • University of California (San Francisco) Program (1998)
Residency Programs:
  • University of California (San Francisco) Program, Orthopedics (2003)
Fellowships:
  • St. John's Hospital Spine Fellowship (Cedars Sinai Program), Orthopedic Surgery of the Spine (2003)
Download CV
Languages: English, German, Gujarati
Department: Orthopedics
Contact Us
CU Anschutz
Fitzsimons Building

13001 East 17th Place
Campus Box C290
Aurora, CO 80045

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