Dunbar Ivy, MD
Professor, Pediatrics-Cardiology

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Medical School:
  • MD, Tulane University School of Medicine (1988)
Undergraduate School:
  • BS, Davidson College (NC) (1984)
Internship:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program (1989)
Residency:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program, Pediatrics (1991)
Fellowships:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program, Pediatric Cardiology (1994)
Languages: English
Department: Pediatrics-Cardiology

Professional Titles

  • Selby's Chair in Pediatric Cardiology
  • Chief of Pediatric Cardiology
  • Co-Director Heart Institute

Recognition & Awards

  • 5280 Magazine Top Docs, 5280 Magazine (2020)
  • 5280 Magazine Top Docs, 5280 Magazine (2019)
  • 5280 Magazine Top Docs, 5280 Magazine (2018)
  • 5280 Magazine Top Docs , 5280 Magazine (2017)
  • 5280 Magazine Top Docs , 5280 Magazine (2016)
  • 5280 Magazine Top Docs, 5280 Magazine (2015)
  • 5280 Magazine Top Docs, 5280 Magazine (2014)
  • 5280 Magazine Top Docs, 5280 Magazine (2013)
  • Heart Who Cares Award, The Children's Hospital Heart Institute (2012)
  • Selby’s Endowed Chair of Pediatric Cardiology, The Children's Hospital (2003)
  • Children's Choice Award, The Children's Hospital (2001)
    Pulmonary Hypertension Program

Research Interests

I am interested in new ways to diagnose and treat pulmonary hypertension in children.

Publications

  • Schäfer M, Frank BS, Humphries SM, Hunter KS, Carmody KL, Jacobsen R, Mitchell MB, Jaggers J, Stone ML, Morgan GJ, Barker AJ, Browne LP, Ivy DD, Younoszai A, Di Maria MV. Flow profile characteristics in Fontan circulation are associated with the single ventricle dilation and function: principal component analysis study. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2020 May 1;318(5):H1032-H1040. PubMed PMID: 32167782
  • Burkett DA, Patel SS, Mertens L, Friedberg MK, Ivy DD. Relationship Between Left Ventricular Geometry and Invasive Hemodynamics in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2020 May;13(5):e009825. PubMed PMID: 32408829
  • Kheyfets VO, Dufva MJ, Boehm M, Tian X, Qin X, Tabakh JE, Truong U, Ivy D, Spiekerkoetter E. The left ventricle undergoes biomechanical and gene expression changes in response to increased right ventricular pressure overload. Physiol Rep. 2020 May;8(9):e14347. PubMed PMID: 32367677
  • Simpson CE, Damico RL, Hassoun PM, Martin LJ, Yang J, Nies MK, Vaidya RD, Brandal S, Pauciulo MW, Austin ED, Ivy DD, Nichols WC, Everett AD. Noninvasive Prognostic Biomarkers for Left-Sided Heart Failure as Predictors of Survival in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Chest. 2020 Jun;157(6):1606-1616. PubMed PMID: 31987881
  • Coleman RD, Chartan CA, Ivy DD. MicroRNA as a Biomarker in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension: A Step Closer to the Holy Grail?. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2020 Apr;21(4):393-394. PubMed PMID: 32251186
  • Simpson CE, Chen JY, Damico RL, Hassoun PM, Martin LJ, Yang J, Nies M, Griffiths M, Vaidya RD, Brandal S, Pauciulo MW, Lutz KA, Coleman AW, Austin ED, Ivy DD, Nichols WC, Everett AD. Cellular sources of interleukin-6 and associations with clinical phenotypes and outcomes in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur Respir J. 2020 Apr;55(4). PubMed PMID: 32029443
  • Avitabile CM, Vorhies EE, Ivy DD. Drug Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension in Children. Paediatr Drugs. 2020 Apr;22(2):123-147. PubMed PMID: 31960361
  • Schäfer M, Barker AJ, Morgan GJ, Jaggers J, Stone ML, Browne LP, Ivy DD, Mitchell MB. Increased systolic vorticity in the left ventricular outflow tract is associated with abnormal aortic flow formations in Tetralogy of Fallot. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2020 Apr;36(4):691-700. PubMed PMID: 31907684
  • Yang J, Griffiths M, Nies MK, Brandal S, Damico R, Vaidya D, Tao X, Simpson CE, Kolb TM, Mathai SC, Pauciulo MW, Nichols WC, Ivy DD, Austin ED, Hassoun PM, Everett AD. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2: a new circulating indicator of pulmonary arterial hypertension severity and survival. BMC Med. 2020 Oct 6;18(1):268. PubMed PMID: 33019943
  • Das BB, Frank B, Ivy D. Segmental Pulmonary Hypertension in Children with Congenital Heart Disease. Medicina (Kaunas). 2020 Sep 24;56(10). PubMed PMID: 32987636
  • Griffiths M, Yang J, Nies M, Vaidya D, Brandal S, Williams M, Matsui EC, Grant T, Damico R, Ivy D, Austin ED, Nichols WC, Pauciulo MW, Lutz K, Rosenzweig EB, Hirsch R, Yung D, Everett AD. Pediatric pulmonary hypertension: insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 2 is a novel marker associated with disease severity and survival. Pediatr Res. 2020 Sep 14. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32927467
  • Jone PN, Ivy DD, Daniels SR. Pediatric Cardiology: From Basics to Innovation. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2020 Oct;67(5):xvii-xviii. PubMed PMID: 32888696
  • Frank BS, Ivy DD. Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2020 Oct;67(5):903-921. PubMed PMID: 32888689
  • Schäfer M, Frank BS, Jacobsen R, Rausch CM, Mitchell MB, Jaggers J, Stone ML, Morgan GJ, Browne LP, Barker AJ, Hunter KS, Ivy DD, Younoszai A, Di Maria MV. Patients with Fontan circulation have abnormal aortic wave propagation patterns: A wave intensity analysis study. Int J Cardiol. 2020 Aug 25. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32853667
  • Vanderlaan RD, Rome J, Hirsch R, Ivy D, Caldarone CA. Pulmonary vein stenosis: Treatment and challenges. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Jun 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32763037
  • Schäfer M, Ivy DD, Barker AJ, Mitchell MB. Reply to Commentary: Can't flow down: More 4-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging studies are needed in congenital heart disease. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Oct;160(4):1019-1020. PubMed PMID: 32739168
  • Chen JY, Griffiths M, Yang J, Nies MK, Damico RL, Simpson CE, Vaidya RD, Brandal S, Ivy DD, Austin ED, Nichols WC, Pauciulo MW, Lutz K, Rosenzweig EB, Hirsch R, Yung D, Everett AD. Elevated Interleukin-6 Levels Predict Clinical Worsening in Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. J Pediatr. 2020 Aug;223:164-169.e1. PubMed PMID: 32711743
  • Schäfer M, Bjornstad P, Frank BS, Baumgartner A, Truong U, Enge D, von Alvensleben JC, Mitchell MB, Ivy DD, Barker AJ, Reusch JEB, Nadeau KJ. Frequency of Reduced Left Ventricular Contractile Efficiency and Discoordinated Myocardial Relaxation in Patients Aged 16 to 21 Years With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (from the Emerald Study). Am J Cardiol. 2020 Aug 1;128:45-53. PubMed PMID: 32650923
  • Ivy D. The failing right ventricle: Where do we go from here. Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2020 Aug;229(4):e13523. PubMed PMID: 32562585
  • Sehgal A, Steenhorst JJ, Mclennan DI, Merkus D, Ivy D, McNamara PJ. The Left Heart, Systemic Circulation, and Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia: Relevance to Pathophysiology and Therapeutics. J Pediatr. 2020 Oct;225:13-22.e2. PubMed PMID: 32553872
  • Burkett DA, Patel SS, Mertens L, Friedberg MK, Ivy DD. Relationship Between Left Ventricular Geometry and Invasive Hemodynamics in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2020 May;13(5):e009825. PubMed PMID: 32408829
  • Hopper RK, Ivy DD, Yung D, Mullen MP, Hanna BD, Kirkpatrick E, Hirsch R, Austin ED, Fineman J, Solum D, Deng CQ, Feinstein JA. Pharmacokinetics of Oral Treprostinil in Children With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2020 Jul;76(1):94-100. PubMed PMID: 32398473
  • Kheyfets VO, Dufva MJ, Boehm M, Tian X, Qin X, Tabakh JE, Truong U, Ivy D, Spiekerkoetter E. The left ventricle undergoes biomechanical and gene expression changes in response to increased right ventricular pressure overload. Physiol Rep. 2020 May;8(9):e14347. PubMed PMID: 32367677
  • Frank BS, Schafer M, Thomas TM, Haxel C, Ivy DD, Jone PN. Right Atrial Conduit Phase Emptying Predicts Risk of Adverse Events in Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2020 Aug;33(8):1006-1013. PubMed PMID: 32336608
  • Coleman RD, Chartan CA, Ivy DD. MicroRNA as a Biomarker in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension: A Step Closer to the Holy Grail?. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2020 Apr;21(4):393-394. PubMed PMID: 32251186
  • Schäfer M, Frank BS, Humphries SM, Hunter KS, Carmody KL, Jacobsen R, Mitchell MB, Jaggers J, Stone ML, Morgan GJ, Barker AJ, Browne LP, Ivy DD, Younoszai A, Di Maria MV. Flow profile characteristics in Fontan circulation are associated with the single ventricle dilation and function: principal component analysis study. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2020 May 1;318(5):H1032-H1040. PubMed PMID: 32167782
  • Simpson CE, Chen JY, Damico RL, Hassoun PM, Martin LJ, Yang J, Nies M, Griffiths M, Vaidya RD, Brandal S, Pauciulo MW, Lutz KA, Coleman AW, Austin ED, Ivy DD, Nichols WC, Everett AD. Cellular sources of interleukin-6 and associations with clinical phenotypes and outcomes in pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur Respir J. 2020 Apr;55(4). PubMed PMID: 32029443
  • Simpson CE, Damico RL, Hassoun PM, Martin LJ, Yang J, Nies MK, Vaidya RD, Brandal S, Pauciulo MW, Austin ED, Ivy DD, Nichols WC, Everett AD. Noninvasive Prognostic Biomarkers for Left-Sided Heart Failure as Predictors of Survival in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Chest. 2020 Jun;157(6):1606-1616. PubMed PMID: 31987881
  • Avitabile CM, Vorhies EE, Ivy DD. Drug Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension in Children. Paediatr Drugs. 2020 Apr;22(2):123-147. PubMed PMID: 31960361
  • Schäfer M, Browne LP, Jaggers J, Barker AJ, Morgan GJ, Ivy DD, Mitchell MB. Abnormal left ventricular flow organization following repair of tetralogy of Fallot. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2020 Oct;160(4):1008-1015. PubMed PMID: 31924354
  • Schäfer M, Barker AJ, Morgan GJ, Jaggers J, Stone ML, Browne LP, Ivy DD, Mitchell MB. Increased systolic vorticity in the left ventricular outflow tract is associated with abnormal aortic flow formations in Tetralogy of Fallot. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2020 Apr;36(4):691-700. PubMed PMID: 31907684
  • Frank BS, Schäfer M, Douwes JM, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Davidson JA, Burzlaff S, Mitchell MB, Morgan GJ, Browne LP, Barker AJ, Truong U, von Alvensleben JC. Novel measures of left ventricular electromechanical discoordination predict clinical outcomes in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2020 Feb 1;318(2):H401-H412. PubMed PMID: 31858817
  • Di Maria MV, Campbell KR, Burkett DA, Younoszai AK, Landeck BF 2nd, Mertens L, Ivy DD, Hunter KS, Friedberg MK. Parameters of Right Ventricular Function Reveal Ventricular-Vascular Mismatch as Determined by Right Ventricular Stroke Work versus Pulmonary Vascular Resistance in Children with Pulmonary Hypertension. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2020 Feb;33(2):218-225. PubMed PMID: 31836268
  • Geva A, Abman SH, Manzi SF, Ivy DD, Mullen MP, Griffin J, Lin C, Savova GK, Mandl KD. Adverse drug event rates in pediatric pulmonary hypertension: a comparison of real-world data sources. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2020 Feb 1;27(2):294-300. PubMed PMID: 31769835
  • Schäfer M, Barker AJ, Jaggers J, Morgan GJ, Stone ML, Truong U, Browne LP, Malone L, Ivy DD, Mitchell MB. Abnormal aortic flow conduction is associated with increased viscous energy loss in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2020 Mar 1;57(3):588-595. PubMed PMID: 31535124
  • Berger RMF, Beghetti M, Bonnet D, Humpl T, Ivy DD. Pulmonary hypertension in childhood: long-term survival of newly diagnosed patients in the current treatment era. Results from the TOPP-1 registry. AEPC, 2020, abstract ID 27485
  • Humpl T, Bonnet D, Ivy DD, Berger RMF, Beghetti M for the TOPP investigators. Classification of congenital heart disease associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH-CHD) within the TOPP registry. AEPC 2020, abstract ID 27161
  • Apitz C, Ivy DD, Berger RMF, Humpl T, Bonnet D, Beghetti M, Schranz D, Latus H on behalf of the TOPP investigators. Impact of diastolic pulmonary arterial pressure on prognostic assessment in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. AEPC 2020
  • Jone PN, Cassidy C, Ivy DD. RV-PA coupling ratio using TAPSE/PAAT is not a reliable measure of severity of pediatric pulmonary hypertension. PVRI, Lima, Peru, 2020
  • Issapour A, Crook S, Hite M, Rosenzweig EB, Frank B, Ivy D, Krishnan U. Safety and efficacy of combination therapy with ambrisentan and tadalafil for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension in children: early experience. PVRI, Lima, Peru, 2020
  • Giesenhagen A, Ivy DD, Brinton J, Meier M, Weinmann J, Liptzin D. Sex differences in pediatric HAPE. PVRI, Lima, Peru, 2020
  • Frank BS, Schafer M, Thomas TM, Ivy DD, Jone PN. Longitudinal Assessment of Right Atrial Conduit Fraction Provides Additional Insight into Likelihood of Adverse Events in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension - Rapid fire oral presentation - American Society of Echocardiography 31th Annual Scientific Session in Denver, Colorado, June 2020
  • Sun H, Ivy DD, Stockbridge N, Handler S, Bates A, Krishnan U, Yung D, Hopper R, Fineman J, Austin E, Mullen M. Utilizing Actigraphy to Measure Impact of Genetic Mutations on Heart Rate Variability in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med: A3773, 2020
  • Le L, Ivy DD, Jone PN. Right Ventricular Strain Comparison Between Quantification Software in Pediatric Normal and Pulmonary Hypertension Patients – poster presentation at American Heart Association Scientific Session, November 2020
  • Ivy D, Frank BS. Update on pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2020 Oct 29. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 33136663
  • Jone PN, Duchateau N, Pan Z, Ivy DD, Moceri P. Right ventricular area strain from 3-dimensional echocardiography: Mechanistic insight of right ventricular dysfunction in pediatric pulmonary hypertension. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2020 Nov 15. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 33268039
  • Fakhri S, Hannon K, Moulden K, Peterson R, Hountras P, Bull T, Maloney J, De Marco T, Ivy D, Thenappan T, Sager JS, Ryan JJ, Mazimba S, Hirsch R, Chakinala M, Shlobin O, Lammi M, Zwicke D, Robinson J, Benza RL, Klinger J, Grinnan D, Mathai S, Badesch D. Residence at moderately high altitude and its relationship with WHO Group 1 pulmonary arterial hypertension symptom severity and clinical characteristics: the Pulmonary Hypertension Association Registry. Pulm Circ. 2020 Oct-Dec;10(4):2045894020964342. PubMed PMID: 33240488
  • Truong U, Meinel K, Haddad F, Koestenberger M, Carlsen J, Ivy D, Jone PN. Update on noninvasive imaging of right ventricle dysfunction in pulmonary hypertension. Cardiovasc Diagn Ther. 2020 Oct;10(5):1604-1624. PubMed PMID: 33224776
  • Schäfer M, Barker AJ, Jaggers J, Morgan GJ, Stone ML, Truong U, Browne LP, Malone L, Ivy DD, Mitchell MB. Abnormal aortic flow conduction is associated with increased viscous energy loss in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2019 Sep 18. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31535124
  • McLennan D, Ivy D, Morgan GJ. Transvenous implantation of the Occlutech Atrial Flow Regulator: Preliminary results from swine models. Congenit Heart Dis. 2019 Sep;14(5):819-831. PubMed PMID: 31328339
  • Beghetti M, Gorenflo M, Ivy DD, Moledina S, Bonnet D. Treatment of pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension: A focus on the NO-sGC-cGMP pathway. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2019 Oct;54(10):1516-1526. PubMed PMID: 31313530
  • Kanaan U, Varghese NP, Coleman RD, Huckaby J, Lawrence P, Jorgensen LO, Miller-Reed K, Day RW, Mallory GB, Ivy DD. Oral treprostinil use in children: a multicenter, observational experience. Pulm Circ. 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):2045894019862138. PubMed PMID: 31215346
  • Hall K, Ogawa M, Sakarovitch C, Hopper RK, Adamson GT, Hanna B, Ivy DD, Miller-Reed K, Yung D, McCarthy E, Siehr-Handler SL, Feinstein JA. Subcutaneous and Intravenous Treprostinil Pharmacokinetics in Children With Pulmonary Vascular Disease. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2019 Jun;73(6):383-393. PubMed PMID: 31162247
  • Galambos C, Mullen MP, Shieh JT, Schwerk N, Kielt MJ, Ullmann N, Boldrini R, Stucin-Gantar I, Haass C, Bansal M, Agrawal PB, Johnson J, Peca D, Surace C, Cutrera R, Pauciulo MW, Nichols WC, Griese M, Ivy D, Abman SH, Austin ED, Danhaive O. Phenotype characterisation of TBX4 mutation and deletion carriers with neonatal and paediatric pulmonary hypertension. Eur Respir J. 2019 Aug;54(2). PubMed PMID: 31151956
  • Breeman KTN, Dufva M, Ploegstra MJ, Kheyfets V, Willems TP, Wigger J, Hunter KS, Ivy DD, Berger RMF, Truong U. Right ventricular-vascular coupling ratio in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension: A comparison between cardiac magnetic resonance and right heart catheterization measurements. Int J Cardiol. 2019 Oct 15;293:211-217. PubMed PMID: 31109778
  • Ollivier C, Sun H, Amchin W, Beghetti M, Berger RMF, Breitenstein S, Garnett C, Gullberg N, Hassel P, Ivy D, Kawut SM, Klein A, Lesage C, Migdal M, Nije B, Odermarsky M, Strait J, de Graeff PA, Stockbridge N. New Strategies for the Conduct of Clinical Trials in Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Outcome of a Multistakeholder Meeting With Patients, Academia, Industry, and Regulators, Held at the European Medicines Agency on Monday, June 12, 2017. J Am Heart Assoc. 2019 May 21;8(10):e011306. PubMed PMID: 31088189
  • Giesenhagen AM, Ivy DD, Brinton JT, Meier MR, Weinman JP, Liptzin DR. High Altitude Pulmonary Edema in Children: A Single Referral Center Evaluation. J Pediatr. 2019 Jul;210:106-111. PubMed PMID: 31005280
  • Beghetti M, Brand M, Berger RMF, Humpl T, Wheeler JG, Ivy DD, Bonnet D. Meaningful and feasible composite clinical worsening definitions in paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension: An analysis of the TOPP registry. Int J Cardiol. 2019 Aug 15;289:110-115. PubMed PMID: 31072635
  • McLennan D, Schäfer M, Mitchell MB, Morgan GJ, Ivy D, Barker AJ, Jacobsen R. Usefulness of 4D-Flow MRI in Mapping Flow Distribution Through Failing Fontan Circulation Prior to Cardiac Intervention. Pediatr Cardiol. 2019 Jun;40(5):1093-1096. PubMed PMID: 30982076
  • Schäfer M, Browne LP, von Alvensleben JC, Mitchell MB, Morgan GJ, Ivy DD, Jaggers J. Ventricular interactions and electromechanical dyssynchrony after Ross and Ross-Konno operations. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Aug;158(2):509-517. PubMed PMID: 30928217
  • Kiely DG, Levin D, Hassoun P, Ivy DD, Jone PN, Bwika J, Kawut SM, Lordan J, Lungu A, Mazurek J, Moledina S, Olschewski H, Peacock A, Puri GD, Rahaghi F, Schafer M, Schiebler M, Screaton N, Tawhai M, Van Beek EJ, Vonk-Noordegraaf A, Vanderpool RR, Wort J, Zhao L, Wild J, Vogel-Claussen J, Swift AJ. EXPRESS: Statement on imaging and pulmonary hypertension from the Pulmonary Vascular Research Institute (PVRI). Pulm Circ. 2019 Mar 18;:2045894019841990. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30880632
  • Frank BS, Schäfer M, Grenolds A, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Darst JR. Acute Vasoreactivity Testing during Cardiac Catheterization of Neonates with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia-Associated Pulmonary Hypertension. J Pediatr. 2019 May;208:127-133. PubMed PMID: 30871795
  • Schäfer M, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Stenmark K, Browne LP, Barker AJ, Mitchell MB, Morgan GJ, Wilson N, Shah A, Kollengode M, Naresh N, Fonseca B, DiMaria M, Buckner JK, Hunter KS, Kheyfets V, Fenster BE, Truong U. Differences in pulmonary arterial flow hemodynamics between children and adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension as assessed by 4D-flow CMR studies. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2019 May 1;316(5):H1091-H1104. PubMed PMID: 30822118
  • Goreczny S, Ivy D, Anderson R. "The person who influenced me most was the person who disagreed most strongly with me": an interview with Professor Robert Anderson. Cardiol Young. 2019 Mar;29(3):259-262. PubMed PMID: 30793679
  • Frank BS, Runciman M, Manning WA, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Howley L. Pulmonary Hypertension Secondary to Scurvy in a Developmentally Typical Child. J Pediatr. 2019 May;208:291-291.e2. PubMed PMID: 30738657
  • Frank BS, Runciman M, Manning WA, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Howley L. Pulmonary Hypertension Secondary to Scurvy in a Developmentally Typical Child. J Pediatr. 2019 May;208:291-291.e2. PubMed PMID: 30738657
  • Rhodes CJ, Batai K, Bleda M, Haimel M, Southgate L, Germain M, Pauciulo MW, Hadinnapola C, Aman J, Girerd B, Arora A, Knight J, Hanscombe KB, Karnes JH, Kaakinen M, Gall H, Ulrich A, Harbaum L, Cebola I, Ferrer J, Lutz K, Swietlik EM, Ahmad F, Amouyel P, Archer SL, Argula R, Austin ED, Badesch D, Bakshi S, Barnett C, Benza R, Bhatt N, Bogaard HJ, Burger CD, Chakinala M, Church C, Coghlan JG, Condliffe R, Corris PA, Danesino C, Debette S, Elliott CG, Elwing J, Eyries M, Fortin T, Franke A, Frantz RP, Frost A, Garcia JGN, Ghio S, Ghofrani HA, Gibbs JSR, Harley J, He H, Hill NS, Hirsch R, Houweling AC, Howard LS, Ivy D, Kiely DG, Klinger J, Kovacs G, Lahm T, Laudes M, Machado RD, MacKenzie Ross RV, Marsolo K, Martin LJ, Moledina S, Montani D, Nathan SD, Newnham M, Olschewski A, Olschewski H, Oudiz RJ, Ouwehand WH, Peacock AJ, Pepke-Zaba J, Rehman Z, Robbins I, Roden DM, Rosenzweig EB, Saydain G, Scelsi L, Schilz R, Seeger W, Shaffer CM, Simms RW, Simon M, Sitbon O, Suntharalingam J, Tang H, Tchourbanov AY, Thenappan T, Torres F, Toshner MR, Treacy CM, Vonk Noordegraaf A, Waisfisz Q, Walsworth AK, Walter RE, Wharton J, White RJ, Wilt J, Wort SJ, Yung D, Lawrie A, Humbert M, Soubrier F, Trégouët DA, Prokopenko I, Kittles R, Gräf S, Nichols WC, Trembath RC, Desai AA, Morrell NW, Wilkins MR. Genetic determinants of risk in pulmonary arterial hypertension: international genome-wide association studies and meta-analysis. Lancet Respir Med. 2019 Mar;7(3):227-238. PubMed PMID: 30527956
  • Kheyfets V, Truong U, Ivy D, Shandas R. Structural and Biomechanical Adaptations of Right Ventricular Remodeling - in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - Reduces Left Ventricular Rotation During Contraction: A Computational Study. J Biomech Eng. 2019 Feb 4. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30714069
  • Rosenzweig EB, Abman SH, Adatia I, Beghetti M, Bonnet D, Haworth S, Ivy DD, Berger RMF. Paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension: updates on definition, classification, diagnostics and management. Eur Respir J. 2019 Jan;53(1). PubMed PMID: 30545978
  • Schäfer M, Frank BS, Ivy DD, Wilson N, Morgan GJ, Barker AJ, Browne LP, Mitchell MB, Truong U. Close look at the Potts shunt flow hemodynamics in a patient with severe pulmonary hypertension: 4D-flow MRI evaluation. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2019 Jun;49(6):1800-1802. PubMed PMID: 30451346
  • Schäfer M, Younoszai A, Truong U, Browne LP, Mitchell MB, Jaggers J, Campbell DN, Hunter KS, Ivy DD, Di Maria MV. Influence of aortic stiffness on ventricular function in patients with Fontan circulation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2019 Feb;157(2):699-707. PubMed PMID: 30396734
  • Friesen RM, Schäfer M, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Stenmark K, Browne LP, Barker AJ, Hunter KS, Truong U. Proximal pulmonary vascular stiffness as a prognostic factor in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Feb 1;20(2):209-217. PubMed PMID: 29788051
  • Frank B, Schäfer M, Douwes JM, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Davidson JA, Burzlaff S, Mitchell MB, Morgan GJ, Browne L, Barker AJ, Truong U, Von Alvensleben JC. Novel Measures of Left Ventricular Electromechanical Discoordination Predict Clinical Outcomes in Children with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2019 Dec 20. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31858817
  • Di Maria MV, Campbell KR, Burkett DA, Younoszai AK, Landeck BF 2nd, Mertens L, Ivy DD, Hunter KS, Friedberg MK. Parameters of Right Ventricular Function Reveal Ventricular-Vascular Mismatch as Determined by Right Ventricular Stroke Work versus Pulmonary Vascular Resistance in Children with Pulmonary Hypertension. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2019 Dec 10. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31836268
  • Geva A, Abman SH, Manzi SF, Ivy DD, Mullen MP, Griffin J, Lin C, Savova GK, Mandl KD. Adverse drug event rates in pediatric pulmonary hypertension: a comparison of real-world data sources. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2019 Nov 26. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31769835
  • Bush D, Wolter-Warmerdam K, Wagner BD, Galambos C, Ivy DD, Abman S, McMorrow D, Hickey F. EXPRESS: Angiogenic Profile Identifies Pulmonary Hypertension in Children with Down Syndrome. Pulm Circ. 2019 Jul 11;:2045894019866549. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31293212
  • Ivy DD, Feinstein JA, Yung D, Mullen MP, Kirkpatrick EC, Hirsch R, Austin ED, Fineman J, Truong U, Solum D, Deng CQ, Hopper RK. Oral treprostinil in transition or as add-on therapy in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2019 Jul-Sep;9(3):2045894019856471. PubMed PMID: 31215336
  • Caicedo L, Hopper RK, Garcia H, Ivy DD, Haag D, Fineman J, Humpi T, Al-Tamimi O, Feinstein J, Berger RM, Berman-Rosenzweig E, Kashour T, Diaz GF, Mendoza A, Bobhate P, Handler S, Lopes AA, Barwad P, Kumar Rahit M, Krishnan U, Adatia ITK, Moledina S, Abman S, Cerro Marin MJD. EXPRESS: Acute Vasoreactivity Testing in Pediatric Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: an international Survey on Current Practice. Pulm Circ. 2019 May 30;:2045894019857533. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31144586
  • Jone PN, Ivy DD. Comprehensive Noninvasive Evaluation of Right Ventricle-Pulmonary Circulation Axis in Pediatric Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2019 Feb 9;21(1):6. PubMed PMID: 30739224
  • Jone PN, Schäfer M, Pan Z, Ivy DD. Right Ventricular-Arterial Coupling Ratio Derived From 3-Dimensional Echocardiography Predicts Outcomes in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2019 Dec;12(1):e008176. PubMed PMID: 30632388
  • Ivy D, Wilson N. Tale of 2 Endothelin Receptor Antagonists in Eisenmenger Syndrome. Circulation. 2019 Jan 2;139(1):64-66. PubMed PMID: 30592659
  • Schäfer M, Frank BS, Ivy DD, Wilson N, Morgan GJ, Barker AJ, Browne LP, Mitchell MB, Truong U. Close look at the Potts shunt flow hemodynamics in a patient with severe pulmonary hypertension: 4D-flow MRI evaluation. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2018 Nov 19. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30451346
  • Schäfer M, Browne LP, Morgan GJ, Barker AJ, Fonseca B, Ivy DD, Mitchell MB. Reduced proximal aortic compliance and elevated wall shear stress after early repair of tetralogy of Fallot. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Dec;156(6):2239-2249. PubMed PMID: 30449579
  • Schäfer M, Younoszai A, Truong U, Browne LP, Mitchell MB, Jaggers J, Campbell DN, Hunter KS, Ivy DD, Di Maria MV. Influence of aortic stiffness on ventricular function in patients with Fontan circulation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Oct 5. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30396734
  • Zhu N, Welch CL, Wang J, Allen PM, Gonzaga-Jauregui C, Ma L, King AK, Krishnan U, Rosenzweig EB, Ivy DD, Austin ED, Hamid R, Pauciulo MW, Lutz KA, Nichols WC, Reid JG, Overton JD, Baras A, Dewey FE, Shen Y, Chung WK. Rare variants in SOX17 are associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension with congenital heart disease. Genome Med. 2018 Jul 20;10(1):56. PubMed PMID: 30029678
  • Bush D, Galambos C, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Wolter-Warmerdam K, Hickey F. Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors for Developing Pulmonary Hypertension in Children with Down Syndrome. J Pediatr. 2018 Nov;202:212-219.e2. PubMed PMID: 30025669
  • Schäfer M, Wilson N, Ivy DD, Ing R, Abman S, Browne LP, Morgan G, Ross M, McLennan D, Barker AJ, Fonseca B, Di Maria M, Hunter KS, Truong U. Noninvasive wave intensity analysis predicts functional worsening in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2018 Oct 1;315(4):H968-H977. PubMed PMID: 30004811
  • Dufva MJ, Truong U, Tiwari P, Ivy DD, Shandas R, Kheyfets VO. Left ventricular torsion rate and the relation to right ventricular function in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):2045894018791352. PubMed PMID: 30003835
  • Friesen RM, Schäfer M, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Stenmark K, Browne LP, Barker AJ, Hunter KS, Truong U. Proximal pulmonary vascular stiffness as a prognostic factor in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 May 16. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29788051
  • Schäfer M, Truong U, Ivy DD, Fonseca B, Malone L, DiMaria M, Barker AJ, Vargas D, Hunter KS, Jone PN, Browne LP. Children with kawasaki disease present elevated stiffness of great arteries: Phase-contrast MRI study. J Magn Reson Imaging. 2018 Nov;48(5):1228-1236. PubMed PMID: 29707843
  • Schäfer M, Browne LP, Truong U, Jaggers JJ, Mitchell MB, Malone L, Morgan G, Chatfield K, McLennan D, Turbendian H, Vargas D, Fonseca B, DiMaria M, Shah A, Ivy MP, Barker AJ, Hunter KS, Wilson N, Ivy DD, Campbell DN. Aortic stiffness in adolescent Turner and Marfan syndrome patients. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2018 Nov 1;54(5):926-932. PubMed PMID: 29684119
  • Schäfer M, Morgan GJ, Mitchell MB, Ross M, Barker AJ, Hunter KS, Fonseca B, DiMaria M, Vargas D, Ivy DD, Wilson N, Browne LP. Impact of different coarctation therapies on aortic stiffness: phase-contrast MRI study. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 Sep;34(9):1459-1469. PubMed PMID: 29667078
  • Zhu N, Gonzaga-Jauregui C, Welch CL, Ma L, Qi H, King AK, Krishnan U, Rosenzweig EB, Ivy DD, Austin ED, Hamid R, Nichols WC, Pauciulo MW, Lutz KA, Sawle A, Reid JG, Overton JD, Baras A, Dewey F, Shen Y, Chung WK. Exome Sequencing in Children With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Demonstrates Differences Compared With Adults. Circ Genom Precis Med. 2018 Apr;11(4):e001887. PubMed PMID: 29631995
  • Kinsella JP, Steinhorn RH, Mullen MP, Hopper RK, Keller RL, Ivy DD, Austin ED, Krishnan US, Rosenzweig EB, Fineman JR, Everett AD, Hanna BD, Humpl T, Raj JU, Abman SH. The Left Ventricle in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Implications for the Management of Pulmonary Hypertension. J Pediatr. 2018 Jun;197:17-22. PubMed PMID: 29628412
  • Frank BS, Ivy DD. Diagnosis, Evaluation and Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Children. Children (Basel). 2018 Mar 23;5(4). PubMed PMID: 29570688
  • Lee WS, Wong SY, Ivy DD, Sokol RJ. Hepatopulmonary Syndrome and Portopulmonary Hypertension in Children: Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Management. J Pediatr. 2018 May;196:14-21.e1. PubMed PMID: 29514741
  • Schäfer M, Collins KK, Browne LP, Ivy DD, Abman S, Friesen R, Frank B, Fonseca B, DiMaria M, Hunter KS, Truong U, von Alvensleben JC. Effect of electrical dyssynchrony on left and right ventricular mechanics in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2018 Jul;37(7):870-878. PubMed PMID: 29496397
  • Liptzin DR, Abman SH, Giesenhagen A, Ivy DD. An Approach to Children with Pulmonary Edema at High Altitude. High Alt Med Biol. 2018 Mar;19(1):91-98. PubMed PMID: 29470103
  • Torok RD, Li JS, Kannankeril PJ, Atz AM, Bishai R, Bolotin E, Breitenstein S, Chen C, Diacovo T, Feltes T, Furlong P, Hanna M, Graham EM, Hsu D, Ivy DD, Murphy D, Kammerman LA, Kearns G, Lawrence J, Lebeaut B, Li D, Male C, McCrindle B, Mugnier P, Newburger JW, Pearson GD, Peiris V, Percival L, Pina M, Portman R, Shaddy R, Stockbridge NL, Temple R, Hill KD. Recommendations to Enhance Pediatric Cardiovascular Drug Development: Report of a Multi-Stakeholder Think Tank. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 Feb 10;7(4). PubMed PMID: 29440007
  • Di Maria MV, Mulvahill M, Jaggers J, Ivy DD, Younoszai AK. Predictive value of presuperior cavopulmonary anastomosis cardiac catheterization at increased altitude. Congenit Heart Dis. 2018 Mar;13(2):311-318. PubMed PMID: 29431283
  • Schäfer M, Truong U, Browne LP, Morgan GJ, Ross M, Ing R, Hunter KS, Kheyfets VO, Abman SH, Ivy DD, Wilson N. Measuring Flow Hemodynamic Indices and Oxygen Consumption in Children with Pulmonary Hypertension: A Comparison of Catheterization and Phase-Contrast MRI. Pediatr Cardiol. 2018 Feb;39(2):268-274. PubMed PMID: 29043395
  • Friesen RM, Schäfer M, Burkett DA, Cassidy CJ, Ivy DD, Jone PN. Right Ventricular Tissue Doppler Myocardial Performance Index in Children with Pulmonary Hypertension: Relation to Invasive Hemodynamics. Pediatr Cardiol. 2018 Jan;39(1):98-104. PubMed PMID: 28980052
  • Jone PN, Schäfer M, Pan Z, Bremen C, Ivy DD. 3D echocardiographic evaluation of right ventricular function and strain: a prognostic study in paediatric pulmonary hypertension. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2018 Sep 1;19(9):1026-1033. PubMed PMID: 28950335
  • Rosenzweig EB, Abman SH, Adatia I, Beghetti M, Bonnet D, Haworth S, Ivy DD, Berger RMF. Paediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension: updates on definition, classification, diagnostics and management. Eur Respir J. 2018 Dec 13. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30545978
  • Rhodes CJ, Batai K, Bleda M, Haimel M, Southgate L, Germain M, Pauciulo MW, Hadinnapola C, Aman J, Girerd B, Arora A, Knight J, Hanscombe KB, Karnes JH, Kaakinen M, Gall H, Ulrich A, Harbaum L, Cebola I, Ferrer J, Lutz K, Swietlik EM, Ahmad F, Amouyel P, Archer SL, Argula R, Austin ED, Badesch D, Bakshi S, Barnett C, Benza R, Bhatt N, Bogaard HJ, Burger CD, Chakinala M, Church C, Coghlan JG, Condliffe R, Corris PA, Danesino C, Debette S, Elliott CG, Elwing J, Eyries M, Fortin T, Franke A, Frantz RP, Frost A, Garcia JGN, Ghio S, Ghofrani HA, Gibbs JSR, Harley J, He H, Hill NS, Hirsch R, Houweling AC, Howard LS, Ivy D, Kiely DG, Klinger J, Kovacs G, Lahm T, Laudes M, Machado RD, Ross RVM, Marsolo K, Martin LJ, Moledina S, Montani D, Nathan SD, Newnham M, Olschewski A, Olschewski H, Oudiz RJ, Ouwehand WH, Peacock AJ, Pepke-Zaba J, Rehman Z, Robbins I, Roden DM, Rosenzweig EB, Saydain G, Scelsi L, Schilz R, Seeger W, Shaffer CM, Simms RW, Simon M, Sitbon O, Suntharalingam J, Tang H, Tchourbanov AY, Thenappan T, Torres F, Toshner MR, Treacy CM, Noordegraaf AV, Waisfisz Q, Walsworth AK, Walter RE, Wharton J, White RJ, Wilt J, Wort SJ, Yung D, Lawrie A, Humbert M, Soubrier F, Trégouët DA, Prokopenko I, Kittles R, Gräf S, Nichols WC, Trembath RC, Desai AA, Morrell NW, Wilkins MR. Genetic determinants of risk in pulmonary arterial hypertension: international genome-wide association studies and meta-analysis. Lancet Respir Med. 2018 Dec 5. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30527956
  • Schäfer M, Browne LP, Morgan GJ, Barker AJ, Fonseca B, Ivy DD, Mitchell MB. Reduced proximal aortic compliance and elevated wall shear stress after early repair of tetralogy of Fallot. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2018 Dec;156(6):2239-2249. PubMed PMID: 30449579
  • Zhu N, Welch CL, Wang J, Allen PM, Gonzaga-Jauregui C, Ma L, King AK, Krishnan U, Rosenzweig EB, Ivy DD, Austin ED, Hamid R, Pauciulo MW, Lutz KA, Nichols WC, Reid JG, Overton JD, Baras A, Dewey FE, Shen Y, Chung WK. Rare variants in SOX17 are associated with pulmonary arterial hypertension with congenital heart disease. Genome Med. 2018 Jul 20;10(1):56. PubMed PMID: 30029678
  • Bush D, Galambos C, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Wolter-Warmerdam K, Hickey F. Clinical Characteristics and Risk Factors for Developing Pulmonary Hypertension in Children with Down Syndrome. J Pediatr. 2018 Nov;202:212-219.e2. PubMed PMID: 30025669
  • Schäfer M, Wilson N, Ivy DD, Ing R, Abman S, Browne LP, Morgan G, Ross M, McLennan D, Barker AJ, Fonseca B, Di Maria M, Hunter KS, Truong U. Noninvasive wave intensity analysis predicts functional worsening in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2018 Oct 1;315(4):H968-H977. PubMed PMID: 30004811
  • Dufva MJ, Truong U, Tiwari P, Ivy DD, Shandas R, Kheyfets VO. Left ventricular torsion rate and the relation to right ventricular function in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):2045894018791352. PubMed PMID: 30003835
  • Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Yeager ME. Altered Peripheral Blood Myeloid Cell Subpopulations in Children With Down Syndrome and Pulmonary Hypertension. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2017 Jan 5. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28060127
  • Schäfer M, Truong U, Browne LP, Morgan GJ, Ross M, Ing R, Hunter KS, Kheyfets VO, Abman SH, Ivy DD, Wilson N. Measuring Flow Hemodynamic Indices and Oxygen Consumption in Children with Pulmonary Hypertension: A Comparison of Catheterization and Phase-Contrast MRI. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Oct 17. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29043395
  • Friesen RM, Schäfer M, Burkett DA, Cassidy CJ, Ivy DD, Jone PN. Right Ventricular Tissue Doppler Myocardial Performance Index in Children with Pulmonary Hypertension: Relation to Invasive Hemodynamics. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017 Oct 4. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28980052
  • Jone PN, Schäfer M, Pan Z, Bremen C, Ivy DD. 3D echocardiographic evaluation of right ventricular function and strain: a prognostic study in paediatric pulmonary hypertension. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Aug 25. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28950335
  • Kheyfets VO, Sucharov CC, Truong U, Dunning J, Hunter K, Ivy D, Miyamoto S, Shandas R. Circulating miRNAs in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension Show Promise as Biomarkers of Vascular Function. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2017;2017:4957147. PubMed PMID: 28819545
  • Sable CA, Ivy DD, Beekman RH 3rd, Clayton-Jeter HD, Jenkins KJ, Mahle WT, Morrow WR, Murphy MD, Nelson RM, Rosenthal GL, Stockbridge N, Wessel DL. 2017 ACC/AAP/AHA Health Policy Statement on Opportunities and Challenges in Pediatric Drug Development: Learning From Sildenafil. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 Jul 25;70(4):495-503. PubMed PMID: 28669447
  • Sable CA, Ivy DD, Beekman RH 3rd, Clayton-Jeter HD, Jenkins KJ, Mahle WT, Morrow WR, Murphy MD, Nelson RM, Rosenthal GL, Stockbridge N, Wessel DL. 2017 ACC/AAP/AHA Health Policy Statement on Opportunities and Challenges in Pediatric Drug Development: Learning From Sildenafil. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2017 Jul;10(7). PubMed PMID: 28663437
  • Krishnan U, Feinstein JA, Adatia I, Austin ED, Mullen MP, Hopper RK, Hanna B, Romer L, Keller RL, Fineman J, Steinhorn R, Kinsella JP, Ivy DD, Rosenzweig EB, Raj U, Humpl T, Abman SH. Evaluation and Management of Pulmonary Hypertension in Children with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. J Pediatr. 2017 Sep;188:24-34.e1. PubMed PMID: 28645441
  • Parker DK, Shen S, Zheng J, Ivy DD, Crotwell DN, Hotz JC, DiBlasi RM. Inhaled Treprostinil Drug Delivery During Mechanical Ventilation and Spontaneous Breathing Using Two Different Nebulizers. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2017 Jun;18(6):e253-e260. PubMed PMID: 28441181
  • Berger RMF, Gehin M, Beghetti M, Ivy D, Kusic-Pajic A, Cornelisse P, Grill S, Bonnet D. A bosentan pharmacokinetic study to investigate dosing regimens in paediatric patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension: FUTURE-3. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2017 Aug;83(8):1734-1744. PubMed PMID: 28213957
  • Schäfer M, Ivy DD, Abman SH, Barker AJ, Browne LP, Fonseca B, Kheyfets V, Hunter KS, Truong U. Apparent Aortic Stiffness in Children With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Existence of Vascular Interdependency?. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Feb;10(2). PubMed PMID: 28193613
  • Zijlstra WM, Elmasry O, Pepplinkhuizen S, Ivy DD, Bonnet D, Luijendijk P, Lévy M, Gavilan JL, Torrent-Vernetta A, Mendoza A, Del Cerro MJ, Moledina S, Berger RM. Pulmonary arterial hypertension in children after neonatal arterial switch operation. Heart. 2017 Aug;103(16):1244-1249. PubMed PMID: 28115472
  • Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Yeager ME. Altered Peripheral Blood Myeloid Cell Subpopulations in Children With Down Syndrome and Pulmonary Hypertension. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2017 Mar;39(2):158-159. PubMed PMID: 28060127
  • Humpl T, Berger RMF, Austin ED, Fasnacht Boillat MS, Bonnet D, Ivy DD, Zuk M, Beghetti M, Schulze-Neick I. Treatment initiation in paediatric pulmonary hypertension: insights from a multinational registry. Cardiol Young. 2017 Aug;27(6):1123-1132. PubMed PMID: 27995825
  • Patel SS, Fernie JC, Taylor AL, Ivy DD, Rausch CM. Evaluation of predictive models for six minute walk test among children with pulmonary hypertension. Int J Cardiol. 2017 Jan 15;227:393-398. PubMed PMID: 27838122
  • Clopton RG, Friesen R, Partrick D, Wilson N, Jaggers J, Ivy DD, Schwartz LI, Ing RJ. The Anesthetic Challenges of Lung Biopsy-Associated Intrathoracic Hemorrhage in a Child With Suprasystemic Pulmonary Hypertension. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2017 Jun;21(2):172-177. PubMed PMID: 27815350
  • Takatsuki S, Nakayama T, Ikehara S, Matsuura H, Ivy DD, Saji T. Pulmonary Arterial Capacitance Index Is a Strong Predictor for Adverse Outcome in Children with Idiopathic and Heritable Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. J Pediatr. 2017 Jan;180:75-79.e2. PubMed PMID: 27810156
  • Hauck A, Guo R, Ivy DD, Younoszai A. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion is preserved in young patients with pulmonary hypertension except when associated with repaired congenital heart disease. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Apr 1;18(4):459-466. PubMed PMID: 27099276
  • Schäfer M, Ivy DD, Barker AJ, Kheyfets V, Shandas R, Abman SH, Hunter KS, Truong U. Characterization of CMR-derived haemodynamic data in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Apr 1;18(4):424-431. PubMed PMID: 27444679
  • Jone PN, Schäfer M, Li L, Craft M, Ivy DD, Kutty S. Right Atrial Deformation in Predicting Outcomes in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017 Dec;10(12). PubMed PMID: 29233835
  • Abman SH, Ivy DD, Archer SL, Wilson K. Executive Summary of the American Heart Association and American Thoracic Society Joint Guidelines for Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Oct 1;194(7):898-906. PubMed PMID: 27689707
  • Kheyfets VO, Dunning J, Truong U, Ivy D, Hunter K, Shandas R. A 0-D Model and Protocol for Simulating Patient Specific Pulmonary Hemodynamics from Limited Clinical Data. J Biomech Eng. 2016 Sep 29. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27684888
  • Zijlstra WM, Douwes JM, Ploegstra MJ, Krishnan U, Roofthooft MT, Hillege HL, Ivy DD, Rosenzweig EB, Berger RM. Clinical classification in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease. Pulm Circ. 2016 Sep;6(3):302-12. PubMed PMID: 27683607
  • Berger RM, Haworth SG, Bonnet D, Dulac Y, Fraisse A, Galiè N, Ivy DD, Jaïs X, Miera O, Rosenzweig EB, Efficace M, Kusic-Pajic A, Beghetti M. Corrigendum to "FUTURE-2: Results from an open-label, long-term safety and tolerability extension study using the pediatric FormUlation of bosenTan in pUlmonary arterial hypeRtEnsion" [Int. J. Cardiol. 202 (2016) 52-58]. Int J Cardiol. 2016 Aug 24. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27623401
  • Burkett DA, Slorach C, Patel SS, Redington AN, Ivy DD, Mertens L, Younoszai AK, Friedberg MK. Impact of Pulmonary Hemodynamics and Ventricular Interdependence on Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Children With Pulmonary Hypertension. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Sep;9(9). PubMed PMID: 27581953
  • Schäfer M, Ivy DD, Barker AJ, Kheyfets V, Shandas R, Abman SH, Hunter KS, Truong U. Characterization of CMR-derived haemodynamic data in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Jul 21. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27444679
  • Ivy D. Pulmonary Hypertension in Children. Cardiol Clin. 2016 Aug;34(3):451-72. PubMed PMID: 27443141
  • Yang J, Nies MK, Fu Z, Damico R, Korley FK, Hassoun PM, Ivy DD, Austin ED, Everett AD. Hepatoma Derived Growth Factor Predicts Disease Severity and Survival in Pulmonary Artery Hypertension. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016 Jun 2. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27254543
  • Del Cerro MJ, Moledina S, Haworth SG, Ivy D, Al Dabbagh M, Banjar H, Diaz G, Heath-Freudenthal A, Galal AN, Humpl T, Kulkarni S, Lopes A, Mocumbi AO, Puri GD, Rossouw B, Harikrishnan S, Saxena A, Udo P, Caicedo L, Tamimi O, Adatia I. Cardiac catheterization in children with pulmonary hypertensive vascular disease: consensus statement from the Pulmonary Vascular Research Institute, Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease Task Forces. Pulm Circ. 2016 Mar;6(1):118-25. PubMed PMID: 27076908
  • Ploegstra MJ, Ivy DD, Wheeler JG, Brand M, Beghetti M, Rosenzweig EB, Humpl T, Iriart X, Rouzic EM, Bonnet D, Berger RM. Growth in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension: a longitudinal retrospective multiregistry study. Lancet Respir Med. 2016 Apr;4(4):281-90. PubMed PMID: 26994897
  • Douwes JM, Humpl T, Bonnet D, Beghetti M, Ivy DD, Berger RM. Acute Vasodilator Response in Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Current Clinical Practice From the TOPP Registry. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 Mar 22;67(11):1312-23. PubMed PMID: 26988953
  • Kim JS, McSweeney J, Lee J, Ivy D. Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society 2014 Consensus Statement: Pharmacotherapies in Cardiac Critical Care Pulmonary Hypertension. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2016 Mar;17(3 Suppl 1):S89-100. PubMed PMID: 26945333
  • Beghetti M, Berger RM, Ivy DD, Bonnet D, Humpl T. To "Cath" or Not in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension?. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2016 Mar 1;67(8):1010-1. PubMed PMID: 26916495
  • Jone PN, Patel SS, Cassidy C, Ivy DD. Three-dimensional Echocardiography of Right Ventricular Function Correlates with Severity of Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. Congenit Heart Dis. 2016 Feb 22. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26899626
  • Hopper RK, Abman SH, Ivy DD. Persistent Challenges in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. Chest. 2016 Jul;150(1):226-36. PubMed PMID: 26836930
  • Kinsella JP, Steinhorn RH, Krishnan US, Feinstein JA, Adatia I, Austin ED, Rosenzweig EB, Everett AD, Fineman JR, Hanna BD, Hopper RK, Humpl T, Ivy DD, Keller RL, Mullen MP, Raj JU, Wessel DL, Abman SH. Recommendations for the Use of Inhaled Nitric Oxide Therapy in Premature Newborns with Severe Pulmonary Hypertension. J Pediatr. 2016 Mar;170:312-4. PubMed PMID: 26703869
  • Beghetti M, Schulze-Neick I, Berger RM, Ivy DD, Bonnet D, Weintraub RG, Saji T, Yung D, Mallory GB, Geiger R, Berger JT, Barst RJ, Humpl T. Haemodynamic characterisation and heart catheterisation complications in children with pulmonary hypertension: Insights from the Global TOPP Registry (tracking outcomes and practice in paediatric pulmonary hypertension). Int J Cardiol. 2016 Jan 15;203:325-30. PubMed PMID: 26583838
  • Friesen RH, Twite MD, Nichols CS, Cardwell KA, Pan Z, Darst JR, Wilson N, Fagan TE, Miyamoto SD, Ivy DD. Hemodynamic response to ketamine in children with pulmonary hypertension. Paediatr Anaesth. 2016 Jan;26(1):102-8. PubMed PMID: 26564806
  • Berger RM, Haworth SG, Bonnet D, Dulac Y, Fraisse A, Galiè N, Ivy DD, Jaïs X, Miera O, Rosenzweig EB, Efficace M, Kusic-Pajic A, Beghetti M. FUTURE-2: Results from an open-label, long-term safety and tolerability extension study using the pediatric FormUlation of bosenTan in pUlmonary arterial hypeRtEnsion. Int J Cardiol. 2016 Jan 1;202:52-8. PubMed PMID: 26386921
  • Patel SS, Fernie JC, Taylor AL, Ivy DD, Rausch CM. Evaluation of predictive models for six minute walk test among children with pulmonary hypertension. Int J Cardiol. 2016 Nov 7. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27838122
  • Clopton RG, Friesen R, Partrick D, Wilson N, Jaggers J, Ivy DD, Schwartz LI, Ing RJ. The Anesthetic Challenges of Lung Biopsy-Associated Intrathoracic Hemorrhage in a Child With Suprasystemic Pulmonary Hypertension. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2016 Nov 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27815350
  • Takatsuki S, Nakayama T, Ikehara S, Matsuura H, Ivy DD, Saji T. Pulmonary Arterial Capacitance Index Is a Strong Predictor for Adverse Outcome in Children with Idiopathic and Heritable Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. J Pediatr. 2016 Oct 31. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27810156
  • Hauck A, Guo R, Ivy DD, Younoszai A. Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion is preserved in young patients with pulmonary hypertension except when associated with repaired congenital heart disease. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2016 Apr 20. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27099276
  • Humpl T, Berger RM, Austin ED, Fasnacht Boillat MS, Bonnet D, Ivy DD, Zuk M, Beghetti M, Schulze-Neick I. Treatment initiation in paediatric pulmonary hypertension: insights from a multinational registry. Cardiol Young. 2016 Dec 20;:1-10. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27995825
  • Kheyfets VO, Dunning J, Truong U, Ivy DD, Hunter KA, Shandas R. Assessment of N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide as a measure of vascular and ventricular function in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2015 Dec;5(4):658-66. PubMed PMID: 26697173
  • Abman SH, Hansmann G, Archer SL, Ivy DD, Adatia I, Chung WK, Hanna BD, Rosenzweig EB, Raj JU, Cornfield D, Stenmark KR, Steinhorn R, Thébaud B, Fineman JR, Kuehne T, Feinstein JA, Friedberg MK, Earing M, Barst RJ, Keller RL, Kinsella JP, Mullen M, Deterding R, Kulik T, Mallory G, Humpl T, Wessel DL. Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension: Guidelines From the American Heart Association and American Thoracic Society. Circulation. 2015 Nov 24;132(21):2037-99. PubMed PMID: 26534956
  • Truong U, Patel S, Kheyfets V, Dunning J, Fonseca B, Barker AJ, Ivy D, Shandas R, Hunter K. Non-invasive determination by cardiovascular magnetic resonance of right ventricular-vascular coupling in children and adolescents with pulmonary hypertension. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson. 2015 Sep 16;17(1):81. PubMed PMID: 26376972
  • Ivy DD, Abman S. Beyond the 6-Minute Walk Test for Assessing Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension: Making Strides Through Combination End Points. Chest. 2015 Sep;148(3):576-7. PubMed PMID: 26324131
  • Di Maria MV, Burkett DA, Younoszai AK, Landeck BF 2nd, Mertens L, Ivy DD, Friedberg MK, Hunter KS. Echocardiographic Estimation of Right Ventricular Stroke Work in Children with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Comparison with Invasive Measurements. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2015 Nov;28(11):1350-7. PubMed PMID: 26299333
  • Burkett DA, Slorach C, Patel SS, Redington AN, Ivy DD, Mertens L, Younoszai AK, Friedberg MK. Left Ventricular Myocardial Function in Children With Pulmonary Hypertension: Relation to Right Ventricular Performance and Hemodynamics. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2015 Aug;8(8). PubMed PMID: 26259580
  • Abman SH, Ivy DD. Hospitalizations of Children With Pulmonary Hypertension: Implications for Improving Care. Pediatrics. 2015 Aug;136(2):392-3. PubMed PMID: 26148953
  • Rosenkranz S, Ghofrani HA, Beghetti M, Ivy D, Frey R, Fritsch A, Weimann G, Saleh S, Apitz C. Riociguat for pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease. Heart. 2015 Nov 15;101(22):1792-9. PubMed PMID: 26135803
  • Webber SA, Hsu DT, Ivy DD, Kulik TJ, Pahl E, Rosenthal DN, Morrow WR, Feinstein JA. Task Force 7: Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship Training in Pulmonary Hypertension, Advanced Heart Failure, and Transplantation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Aug 11;66(6):732-9. PubMed PMID: 25777654
  • Ross RD, Brook M, Feinstein JA, Koenig P, Lang P, Spicer R, Vincent JA, Lewis AB, Martin GR, Bartz PJ, Fischbach PS, Fulton DR, Matherne GP, Reinking B, Srivastava S, Printz B, Geva T, Shirali GS, Weinberg P, Wong PC, Armsby LB, Vincent RN, Foerster SR, Holzer RJ, Moore JW, Marshall AC, Latson L, Dubin AM, Walsh EP, Franklin W, Kanter RJ, Saul JP, Shah MJ, Van Hare GF, Feltes TF, Roth SJ, Almodovar MC, Andropoulos DB, Bohn DJ, Costello JM, Gajarski RJ, Mott AR, Stout K, Valente AM, Cook S, Gurvitz M, Saidi A, Webber SA, Hsu DT, Ivy DD, Kulik TJ, Pahl E, Rosenthal DN, Morrow R, Mahle WT, Murphy AM, Li JS, Law YM, Newburger JW, Daniels SR, Bernstein D, Marino BS. 2015 SPCTPD/ACC/AAP/AHA Training Guidelines for Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship Programs (Revision of the 2005 Training Guidelines for Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship Programs). J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Mar 13. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25777637
  • Webber SA, Hsu DT, Ivy DD, Kulik TJ, Pahl E, Rosenthal DN, Morrow WR, Feinstein JA. Task Force 7: Pediatric Cardiology Fellowship Training in Pulmonary Hypertension, Advanced Heart Failure, and Transplantation. SPCTPD/ACC/AAP/AHA. Circulation. 2015 Aug 11;132(6):e99-e106. PubMed PMID: 25769631
  • Ivy DD, Abman SH. Gaining insights into pediatric pulmonary hypertensive disorders through patient registries. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2015 Jan 1;191(1):2-4. PubMed PMID: 25551339
  • Jone PN, Bremen C, DiMaria M, Campbell DN, Jaggers J, Younoszai A, Ivy DD. Three-dimensional echocardiography enhances diagnostic accuracy of supramitral ring. Echocardiography. 2015 Jun;32(6):1048-50. PubMed PMID: 25496227
  • Kinsella JP, Steinhorn RH, Krishnan US, Feinstein JA, Adatia I, Austin ED, Rosenzweig EB, Everett AD, Fineman JR, Hanna BD, Hopper RK, Humpl T, Ivy DD, Keller RL, Mullen MP, Raj JU, Wessel DL, Abman SH. Recommendations for the Use of Inhaled Nitric Oxide Therapy in Premature Newborns with Severe Pulmonary Hypertension. J Pediatr. 2015 Dec 15. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26703869
  • Barst RJ, Ivy DD, Foreman AJ, McGoon MD, Rosenzweig EB. Four- and seven-year outcomes of patients with congenital heart disease-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (from the REVEAL Registry). Am J Cardiol. 2014 Jan 1;113(1):147-55. PubMed PMID: 24176071
  • Krishnan U, Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Kerstein J, Calderbank M, Coleman E, Rosenzweig EB. Effectiveness and safety of inhaled treprostinil for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension in children. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Dec 1;110(11):1704-9. PubMed PMID: 22917554
  • Yeager ME, Reddy MB, Nguyen CM, Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Activation of the unfolded protein response is associated with pulmonary hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2012 Apr-Jun;2(2):229-40. PubMed PMID: 22837864
  • Barst RJ, Channick R, Ivy D, Goldstein B. Clinical perspectives with long-term pulsed inhaled nitric oxide for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pulm Circ. 2012 Apr-Jun;2(2):139-47. PubMed PMID: 22837854
  • Takatsuki S, Nakayama T, Jone PN, Wagner BD, Naoi K, Ivy DD, Saji T. Tissue Doppler Imaging Predicts Adverse Outcome in Children with Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. J Pediatr. 2012 Dec;161(6):1126-1131.e2. PubMed PMID: 22748515
  • Yeager ME, Colvin KL, Everett AD, Stenmark KR, Ivy DD. Plasma proteomics of differential outcome to long-term therapy in children with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Proteomics Clin Appl. 2012 Jun;6(5-6):257-67. PubMed PMID: 22653875
  • Takatsuki S, Darst JR, Das BB, Fagan TE, Wolfe R, Ivy DD. Clinical manifestations and long-term follow-up in pediatric patients living at altitude with isolated pulmonary artery of ductal origin. Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Jun;33(5):775-81. PubMed PMID: 22430374
  • Takatsuki S, Calderbank M, Ivy DD. Initial experience with tadalafil in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension. Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Jun;33(5):683-8. PubMed PMID: 22402804
  • Stoica S, Carpenter E, Campbell D, Mitchell M, da Cruz E, Ivy D, Lacour-Gayet F. Morbidity of the arterial switch operation. Ann Thorac Surg. 2012 Jun;93(6):1977-83. PubMed PMID: 22365263
  • Takatsuki S, Wagner BD, Ivy DD. B-type natriuretic peptide and amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide in pediatric patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Congenit Heart Dis. 2012 May-Jun;7(3):259-67. PubMed PMID: 22325151
  • Ivy D. Advances in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension. Curr Opin Cardiol. 2012 Mar;27(2):70-81. PubMed PMID: 22274573
  • Berger RM, Beghetti M, Humpl T, Raskob GE, Ivy DD, Jing ZC, Bonnet D, Schulze-Neick I, Barst RJ. Clinical features of paediatric pulmonary hypertension: a registry study. Lancet. 2012 Feb 11;379(9815):537-46. PubMed PMID: 22240409
  • Feinstein JA, Benson DW, Dubin AM, Cohen MS, Maxey DM, Mahle WT, Pahl E, Villafañe J, Bhatt AB, Peng LF, Johnson BA, Marsden AL, Daniels CJ, Rudd NA, Caldarone CA, Mussatto KA, Morales DL, Ivy DD, Gaynor JW, Tweddell JS, Deal BJ, Furck AK, Rosenthal GL, Ohye RG, Ghanayem NS, Cheatham JP, Tworetzky W, Martin GR. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: current considerations and expectations. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012 Jan 3;59(1 Suppl):S1-42. PubMed PMID: 22192720
  • Barst RJ, Ivy DD, Gaitan G, Szatmari A, Rudzinski A, Garcia AE, Sastry BK, Pulido T, Layton GR, Serdarevic-Pehar M, Wessel DL. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study of oral sildenafil citrate in treatment-naive children with pulmonary arterial hypertension. Circulation. 2012 Jan 17;125(2):324-34. PubMed PMID: 22128226
  • Barst RJ, McGoon MD, Elliott CG, Foreman AJ, Miller DP, Ivy DD. Survival in childhood pulmonary arterial hypertension: insights from the registry to evaluate early and long-term pulmonary arterial hypertension disease management. Circulation. 2012 Jan 3;125(1):113-22. PubMed PMID: 22086881
  • Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Nuss R. Correlation of N-terminal fragment of B-type natriuretic peptide levels with clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic abnormalities in children with sickle cell disease. J Pediatr. 2012 Mar;160(3):428-433.e1. PubMed PMID: 22048047
  • Yeager ME, Nguyen CM, Belchenko DD, Colvin KL, Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Circulating myeloid-derived suppressor cells are increased and activated in pulmonary hypertension. Chest. 2012 Apr;141(4):944-52. PubMed PMID: 21940769
  • Yeager ME, Belchenko DD, Nguyen CM, Colvin KL, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Endothelin-1, the unfolded protein response, and persistent inflammation: role of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2012 Jan;46(1):14-22. PubMed PMID: 21778413
  • Yeager ME, Nguyen CM, Belchenko DD, Colvin KL, Takatsuki S, Ivy DD, Stenmark KR. Circulating fibrocytes are increased in children and young adults with pulmonary hypertension. Eur Respir J. 2012 Jan;39(1):104-11. PubMed PMID: 21700605
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Professional Memberships

  • Congenital Heart Disease: Clinical Studies from Fetus to Adulthood, Editorial Board Member
  • American Collge of Cardiology (ACC), Fellow
  • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), Fellow
  • Association for European Paediatric Cardiology (AEPC), Member
  • Pulmonary Hypertension Association (PHA), Board of Trustees
  • Pulmonary Hypertension Association (PHA), Scientific Leadership Council
  • American College of Chest Physicians, Fellow
  • Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society (PCICS), Member
  • American Physiological Society (APS), Member
  • Society For Pediatric Research (SPR), Member
  • Pediatric Congenital Heart Association (PCHA), Board Member
  • American Heart Association (AHA), Fellow

Practice Locations

Children's Hospital Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus
13123 East 16th Ave
Aurora, CO 80045
720-777-1234

Hospital Affiliation
  • Children's Hospital Colorado
  • University of Colorado Hospital

Specialty Information

Specialties
  • Pediatrics, Board Certification
  • Pediatric Cardiology, Board Certification
Conditions & Treatments
  • Heart and Circulation - Congenital Heart Disease
  • Lungs and Breathing - Pulmonary Hypertension
  • Altitude Medicine
  • Heart and Circulation
  • Lungs and Breathing
Clinical Interests
I am interested in pulmonary hypertension and congenital heart disease.

General Information

Medical Schools:
  • MD, Tulane University School of Medicine (1988)
Undergraduate Schools:
  • BS, Davidson College (NC) (1984)
Internships:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program (1989)
Residency Programs:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program, Pediatrics (1991)
Fellowships:
  • University of Colorado (Children's Hospital Colorado) Program, Pediatric Cardiology (1994)
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Languages: English
Department: Pediatrics-Cardiology
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