Vijay Ramakrishnan, MD
Associate Professor, Otolaryngology

Photo
Medical School:
  • MD, Baylor College of Medicine (2004)
Undergraduate School:
  • BA, University of Texas–Austin (TX) (2000)
Internship:
  • University of Colorado (University Hospital) Program (2005)
Residency:
  • University of Colorado, Chief Resident, Otolaryngology (2009)
Languages: English
Department: Otolaryngology

Research Interests

My research focuses on Inflammatory mechanisms of chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps, Microbiology of chronic sinusitis in unique patient populations, Minimally-invasive surgical techniques for sinus, orbit, and skull base surgery

Teaching

  • Assistant Professor (2010)
    School of Medicine, Otolaryngology
  • Associate Professor (2016)
    School of Medicine, Otolaryngology

Publications

  • Schlosser RJ, Smith TL, Mace JC, Alt J, Beswick DM, Mattos JL, Payne S, Ramakrishnan VR, Soler ZM. Factors driving olfactory loss in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis: a case control study. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2020 Jan;10(1):7-14. PubMed PMID: 31899859
  • Soler ZM, Yoo F, Schlosser RJ, Mulligan J, Ramakrishnan VR, Beswick DM, Alt JA, Mattos JL, Payne SC, Storck KA, Smith TL. Correlation of mucus inflammatory proteins and olfaction in chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2019 Dec 19. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31856395
  • Massey CJ, Diaz Del Valle F, Abuzeid WM, Levy JM, Mueller S, Levine CG, Smith SS, Bleier BS, Ramakrishnan VR. Sample collection for laboratory-based study of the nasal airway and sinuses: a research compendium. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2019 Dec 17. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31845512
  • Loftus C, Schlosser RJ, Smith TL, Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Mattos JL, Mappus E, Storck K, Yoo F, Soler ZM. Olfactory cleft and sinus opacification differentially impact olfaction in chronic rhinosinusitis. Laryngoscope. 2019 Oct 11. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31603563
  • Vandelaar LJ, Hanson B, Marino M, Yao WC, Luong AU, Arias CA, Ramakrishnan V, Citardi MJ. Analysis of Sinonasal Microbiota in Exacerbations of Chronic Rhinosinusitis Subgroups. OTO Open. 2019 Jul-Sep;3(3):2473974X19875100. PubMed PMID: 31555757
  • Larson ED, Pathak S, Ramakrishnan VR, Finger TE. A Subset of Olfactory Sensory Neurons Express Forkhead Box J1-Driven eGFP. Chem Senses. 2019 Oct 26;44(9):663-671. PubMed PMID: 31504289
  • Kennel C, Gould EA, Larson ED, Salcedo E, Vickery T, Restrepo D, Ramakrishnan VR. Differential Expression of Mucins in Murine Olfactory Versus Respiratory Epithelium. Chem Senses. 2019 Sep 7;44(7):511-521. PubMed PMID: 31300812
  • Beswick DM, Mace JC, Soler ZM, Rudmik L, Alt JA, Smith KA, Detwiller KY, Ramakrishnan VR, Smith TL. Socioeconomic status impacts postoperative productivity loss and health utility changes in refractory chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2019 Sep;9(9):1000-1009. PubMed PMID: 31246360
  • Chen J, Larson ED, Anderson CB, Agarwal P, Frank DN, Kinnamon SC, Ramakrishnan VR. Expression of Bitter Taste Receptors and Solitary Chemosensory Cell Markers in the Human Sinonasal Cavity. Chem Senses. 2019 Sep 7;44(7):483-495. PubMed PMID: 31231752
  • Vickery TW, Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD. The Role of Staphylococcus aureus in Patients with Chronic Sinusitis and Nasal Polyposis. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2019 Mar 11;19(4):21. PubMed PMID: 30859336
  • Ung TH, Yang A, Aref M, Folzenlogen Z, Ramakrishnan V, Youssef AS. Correction to: Preservation of olfaction in anterior midline skull base meningiomas: a comprehensive approach. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 Apr;161(4):737. PubMed PMID: 30806779
  • Ung TH, Yang A, Aref M, Folzenlogen Z, Ramakrishnan V, Youssef AS. Preservation of olfaction in anterior midline skull base meningiomas: a comprehensive approach. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2019 Apr;161(4):729-735. PubMed PMID: 30715605
  • Smith TL, Beswick DM, Kennedy DW, Ramakrishnan VR, Soler ZM. Deadly amoeba infections from nasal and sinus irrigation: how should we discuss with our patients?. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2019 Apr;9(4):435-437. PubMed PMID: 30657647
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Mace JC, Soler ZM, Smith TL. Is greater antibiotic therapy prior to ESS associated with differences in surgical outcomes in CRS?. Laryngoscope. 2019 Mar;129(3):558-566. PubMed PMID: 30582166
  • Farrell NF, Kingdom T, Getz A, Lillehei KO, Youssef AS, Ramakrishnan V. Development of chronic sphenoid sinusitis after sellar reconstruction with Medpor® porous polyethylene implant. World Neurosurg. 2018 Dec 19. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30579017
  • Lee JT, Kim CM, Ramakrishnan V. Microbiome and disease in the upper airway. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2019 Feb;19(1):1-6. PubMed PMID: 30543547
  • Ramakrishnan VR. Ergonomics in endoscopic sinus surgery. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018 Dec 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30516549
  • Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Platt MP, Schlosser RJ, Storck T, Soler ZM. Impact of chronic rhinosinusitis on sleep: a controlled clinical study. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2018 Oct 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30281930
  • Ramakrishnan VR. Ergonomics in endoscopic sinus surgery. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018 Dec 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30516549
  • Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Platt MP, Schlosser RJ, Storck T, Soler ZM. Impact of chronic rhinosinusitis on sleep: a controlled clinical study. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2018 Oct 3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30281930
  • Aref M, Kunigelis KE, Yang A, Subramanian PS, Ramakrishnan VR, Youssef AS. The Effect of Preoperative Direct Ligation of Ethmoidal Arteries on the Perioperative Outcomes of Large Anterior Skull Base Meningiomas Surgery: A Clinical Study. World Neurosurg. 2018 Dec;120:e776-e782. PubMed PMID: 30196172
  • Aref M, Kunigelis KE, Yang A, Subramanian PS, Ramakrishnan VR, Youssef AS. The Effect of Preoperative Direct Ligation of Ethmoidal Arteries on the Perioperative Outcomes of Large Anterior Skull Base Meningiomas Surgery: A Clinical Study. World Neurosurg. 2018 Dec;120:e776-e782. PubMed PMID: 30196172
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Holt J, Nelson LF, Ir D, Robertson CE, Frank DN. Determinants of the Nasal Microbiome: Pilot Study of Effects of Intranasal Medication Use. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2018 Jan-Dec;9:2152656718789519. PubMed PMID: 30128169
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Holt J, Nelson LF, Ir D, Robertson CE, Frank DN. Determinants of the Nasal Microbiome: Pilot Study of Effects of Intranasal Medication Use. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2018 Jan-Dec;9:2152656718789519. PubMed PMID: 30128169
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Frank DN. Microbiome in patients with upper airway disease: Moving from taxonomic findings to mechanisms and causality. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018 Jul;142(1):73-75. PubMed PMID: 29803801
  • Hararah MK, Mattingly JK, Ramakrishnan VR. Use of a Contralateral Nasoseptal Flap for Sino-Orbital Fistula Closure. J Craniofac Surg. 2018 May;29(3):709-711. PubMed PMID: 29723950
  • Freeman JL, Sampath R, Quattlebaum SC, Casey MA, Folzenlogen ZA, Ramakrishnan VR, Youssef AS. Expanding the endoscopic transpterygoid corridor to the petroclival region: anatomical study and volumetric comparative analysis. J Neurosurg. 2017 Jul 21;:1-10. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28731399
  • DeConde AS, Mace JC, Ramakrishnan VR, Alt JA, Smith TL. Analysis of factors associated with electing endoscopic sinus surgery. Laryngoscope. 2017 Aug 4. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28776718
  • Levy JM, Smith SS, Varshney R, Chang EH, Ramakrishnan VR, Ting JY, Bleier BS. Trends in sinusitis research: a systematic review of extramural funding. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Nov;7(11):1104-1107. PubMed PMID: 28985031
  • Sokoya M, Ramakrishnan VR, Frank DN, Rahkola J, Getz A, Kingdom TT, Kofonow JM, Nguyen Q, Janoff EN. Expression of immunoglobulin D is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2017 Oct;119(4):317-323.e1. PubMed PMID: 28958373
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Gonzalez JR, Cooper SE, Barham HP, Anderson CB, Larson ED, Cool CD, Diller JD, Jones K, Kinnamon SC. RNA sequencing and pathway analysis identify tumor necrosis factor alpha driven small proline-rich protein dysregulation in chronic rhinosinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2017 Sep 1;31(5):283-288. PubMed PMID: 28859701
  • DeConde AS, Mace JC, Ramakrishnan VR, Alt JA, Smith TL. Analysis of factors associated with electing endoscopic sinus surgery. Laryngoscope. 2017 Aug 4. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28776718
  • Freeman JL, Sampath R, Quattlebaum SC, Casey MA, Folzenlogen ZA, Ramakrishnan VR, Youssef AS. Expanding the endoscopic transpterygoid corridor to the petroclival region: anatomical study and volumetric comparative analysis. J Neurosurg. 2017 Jul 21;:1-10. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28731399
  • Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Platt MP, Kohli P, Storck KA, Schlosser RJ, Soler ZM. Response to: Can patients with chronic rhinosinusitis recover normal sleep after endoscopic sinus surgery?. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Sep;7(9):927. PubMed PMID: 28703438
  • Zukin LM, Hink EM, Liao S, Getz AE, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Endoscopic Management of Paranasal Sinus Mucoceles: Meta-analysis of Visual Outcomes. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017 Nov;157(5):760-766. PubMed PMID: 28695766
  • Ramakrishnan VR. A call for critical examination of endoscopically guided cultures in chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Aug;7(8):842-843. PubMed PMID: 28658539
  • Vickery TW, Kofonow JM, Ramakrishnan VR. Characterization of Sinus Microbiota by 16S Sequencing from Swabs. Methods Mol Biol. 2017;1616:23-38. PubMed PMID: 28600760
  • Maxwell AK, Barham HP, Getz AE, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Landmarks for rapid localization of the sphenopalatine foramen: A radiographic morphometric analysis. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2017 Jun 1;8(2):63-66. PubMed PMID: 28583229
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Milam BM. Ergonomic analysis of the surgical position in functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Jun;7(6):570-575. PubMed PMID: 28296272
  • Edward JA, Sanyal M, Le W, Soudry E, Ramakrishnan VR, Bravo DT, Nguyen AL, Zarabanda D, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH, Garrison Fathman C, Nayak JV. Selective expansion of human regulatory T cells in nasal polyps, and not adjacent tissue microenvironments, in individual patients exposed to steroids. Clin Immunol. 2017 Jun;179:66-76. PubMed PMID: 28279811
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Mace JC, Soler ZM, Smith TL. Examination of high-antibiotic users in a multi-institutional cohort of chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Apr;7(4):343-351. PubMed PMID: 28084683
  • Vickery TW, Ramakrishnan VR. Bacterial Pathogens and the Microbiome. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2017 Feb;50(1):29-47. PubMed PMID: 27888914
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Terella AM, Poonia S, Chiu AG, Palmer JN. Osseous Repair in Minimally Invasive Reconstruction of Anterior Skull Base Defects. J Craniofac Surg. 2017 Jan;28(1):36-39. PubMed PMID: 27875509
  • Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Platt MP, Kohli P, Storck KA, Schlosser RJ, Soler ZM. Sleep quality outcomes after medical and surgical management of chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Sep 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27673437
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Gitomer S, Kofonow JM, Robertson CE, Frank DN. Investigation of sinonasal microbiome spatial organization in chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Sep 14. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27627048
  • Jetté M, Anderson C, Ramakrishnan V. Case Report: Diagnosis of hypogeusia after oral exposure to commercial cleaning agent and considerations for clinical taste testing. F1000Res. 2017;6:373. PubMed PMID: 28713552
  • Hummel T, Whitcroft KL, Andrews P, Altundag A, Cinghi C, Costanzo RM, Damm M, Frasnelli J, Gudziol H, Gupta N, Haehner A, Holbrook E, Hong SC, Hornung D, Hüttenbrink KB, Kamel R, Kobayashi M, Konstantinidis I, Landis BN, Leopold DA, Macchi A, Miwa T, Moesges R, Mullol J, Mueller CA, Ottaviano G, Passali GC, Philpott C, Pinto JM, Ramakrishnan VJ, Rombaux P, Roth Y, Schlosser RA, Shu B, Soler G, Stjärne P, Stuck BA, Vodicka J, Welge-Luessen A. Position paper on olfactory dysfunction. Rhinology. 2017 Jun 17. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28623665
  • Hummel T, Whitcroft KL, Andrews P, Altundag A, Cinghi C, Costanzo RM, Damm M, Frasnelli J, Gudziol H, Gupta N, Haehne A, Holbrook E, Hong SC, Hornung D, Hüttenbrink KB, Kamel R, Kobayashi M, Konstantinidis I, Landis BN, Leopold DA, Macchi A, Miwa T, Moesges R, Mullol J, Mueller CA, Ottaviano G, Passali GC, Philpott C, Pinto JM, Ramakrishnan VJ, Rombaux P, Roth Y, Schlosser RA, Shu B, Soler G, Stjärne P, Stuck BA, Vodicka J, Welge-Luessen A. Position paper on olfactory dysfunction. Rhinol Suppl. 2017 Mar;54(26):1-30. PubMed PMID: 29528615
  • Sokoya M, Ramakrishnan VR, Frank DN, Rahkola J, Getz A, Kingdom TT, Kofonow JM, Nguyen Q, Janoff EN. Expression of immunoglobulin D is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2017 Oct;119(4):317-323.e1. PubMed PMID: 28958373
  • Sokoya M, Ramakrishnan VR, Frank DN, Rahkola J, Getz A, Kingdom TT, Kofonow JM, Nguyen Q, Janoff EN. Expression of immunoglobulin D is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2017 Oct;119(4):317-323.e1. PubMed PMID: 28958373
  • Levy JM, Smith SS, Varshney R, Chang EH, Ramakrishnan VR, Ting JY, Bleier BS. Trends in sinusitis research: a systematic review of extramural funding. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Nov;7(11):1104-1107. PubMed PMID: 28985031
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Gonzalez JR, Cooper SE, Barham HP, Anderson CB, Larson ED, Cool CD, Diller JD, Jones K, Kinnamon SC. RNA sequencing and pathway analysis identify tumor necrosis factor alpha driven small proline-rich protein dysregulation in chronic rhinosinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2017 Sep 1;31(5):283-288. PubMed PMID: 28859701
  • Jetté M, Anderson C, Ramakrishnan V. Case Report: Diagnosis of hypogeusia after oral exposure to commercial cleaning agent and considerations for clinical taste testing. F1000Res. 2017;6:373. PubMed PMID: 28713552
  • Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Platt MP, Kohli P, Storck KA, Schlosser RJ, Soler ZM. Response to: Can patients with chronic rhinosinusitis recover normal sleep after endoscopic sinus surgery?. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Sep;7(9):927. PubMed PMID: 28703438
  • Ramakrishnan VR. A call for critical examination of endoscopically guided cultures in chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Aug;7(8):842-843. PubMed PMID: 28658539
  • Vickery TW, Kofonow JM, Ramakrishnan VR. Characterization of Sinus Microbiota by 16S Sequencing from Swabs. Methods Mol Biol. 2017;1616:23-38. PubMed PMID: 28600760
  • Maxwell AK, Barham HP, Getz AE, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Landmarks for rapid localization of the sphenopalatine foramen: A radiographic morphometric analysis. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2017 Jun 1;8(2):63-66. PubMed PMID: 28583229
  • Maxwell AK, Barham HP, Getz AE, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Landmarks for rapid localization of the sphenopalatine foramen: A radiographic morphometric analysis. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2017 Jun 1;8(2):63-66. PubMed PMID: 28583229
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Milam BM. Ergonomic analysis of the surgical position in functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Jun;7(6):570-575. PubMed PMID: 28296272
  • Edward JA, Sanyal M, Le W, Soudry E, Ramakrishnan VR, Bravo DT, Nguyen AL, Zarabanda D, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH, Garrison Fathman C, Nayak JV. Selective expansion of human regulatory T cells in nasal polyps, and not adjacent tissue microenvironments, in individual patients exposed to steroids. Clin Immunol. 2017 Jun;179:66-76. PubMed PMID: 28279811
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Mace JC, Soler ZM, Smith TL. Examination of high-antibiotic users in a multi-institutional cohort of chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017 Apr;7(4):343-351. PubMed PMID: 28084683
  • Vickery TW, Ramakrishnan VR. Bacterial Pathogens and the Microbiome. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2017 Feb;50(1):29-47. PubMed PMID: 27888914
  • Vickery TW, Ramakrishnan VR. Bacterial Pathogens and the Microbiome. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2017 Feb;50(1):29-47. PubMed PMID: 27888914
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Terella AM, Poonia S, Chiu AG, Palmer JN. Osseous Repair in Minimally Invasive Reconstruction of Anterior Skull Base Defects. J Craniofac Surg. 2017 Jan;28(1):36-39. PubMed PMID: 27875509
  • Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Platt MP, Kohli P, Storck KA, Schlosser RJ, Soler ZM. Sleep quality outcomes after medical and surgical management of chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Sep 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27673437
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Gitomer S, Kofonow JM, Robertson CE, Frank DN. Investigation of sinonasal microbiome spatial organization in chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Sep 14. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27627048
  • Mattingly JK, Ramakrishnan VR. Rhinocerebral Mucormycosis of the Optic Nerve. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 Nov;155(5):888-889. PubMed PMID: 27352893
  • Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Platt MP, Kohli P, Storck KA, Schlosser RJ, Soler ZM. Sleep quality outcomes after medical and surgical management of chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Sep 27. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27673437
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Gitomer S, Kofonow JM, Robertson CE, Frank DN. Investigation of sinonasal microbiome spatial organization in chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Sep 14. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27627048
  • Youssef AS, Sampath R, Freeman JL, Mattingly JK, Ramakrishnan VR. Unilateral endonasal transcribriform approach with septal transposition for olfactory groove meningioma: can olfaction be preserved?. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2016 Oct;158(10):1965-72. PubMed PMID: 27562683
  • Freeman JL, Sampath R, Casey MA, Quattlebaum SC, Ramakrishnan VR, Youssef AS. Transposition of the paraclival carotid artery: a novel concept of self-retaining vascular retraction during endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery technical report. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2016 Aug;158(8):1625-9. PubMed PMID: 27339269
  • Suh JD, Kuan EC, Thompson CF, Scawn RL, Feinstein AJ, Barham HP, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Using fixed anatomical landmarks to avoid medial rectus injury: a radiographic analysis in patients with and without Graves' disease. Am J Otolaryngol. 2016 Jul-Aug;37(4):334-8. PubMed PMID: 27040416
  • Hauser LJ, Ir D, Kingdom TT, Robertson CE, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Evaluation of bacterial transmission to the paranasal sinuses through sinus irrigation. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Aug;6(8):800-6. PubMed PMID: 26990369
  • Gitomer SA, Fountain CR, Kingdom TT, Getz AE, Sillau SH, Katial RK, Ramakrishnan VR. Clinical Examination of Tissue Eosinophilia in Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyposis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 Jul;155(1):173-8. PubMed PMID: 26980909
  • Rosen SA, Getz AE, Kingdom T, Youssef AS, Ramakrishnan VR. Systematic review of the effectiveness of perioperative prophylactic antibiotics for skull base surgeries. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2016 Mar-Apr;30(2):e10-6. PubMed PMID: 26980379
  • Orlandi RR, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH, Smith TL, Alt JA, Baroody FM, Batra PS, Bernal-Sprekelsen M, Bhattacharyya N, Chandra RK, Chiu A, Citardi MJ, Cohen NA, DelGaudio J, Desrosiers M, Dhong HJ, Douglas R, Ferguson B, Fokkens WJ, Georgalas C, Goldberg A, Gosepath J, Hamilos DL, Han JK, Harvey R, Hellings P, Hopkins C, Jankowski R, Javer AR, Kern R, Kountakis S, Kowalski ML, Lane A, Lanza DC, Lebowitz R, Lee HM, Lin SY, Lund V, Luong A, Mann W, Marple BF, McMains KC, Metson R, Naclerio R, Nayak JV, Otori N, Palmer JN, Parikh SR, Passali D, Peters A, Piccirillo J, Poetker DM, Psaltis AJ, Ramadan HH, Ramakrishnan VR, Riechelmann H, Roh HJ, Rudmik L, Sacks R, Schlosser RJ, Senior BA, Sindwani R, Stankiewicz JA, Stewart M, Tan BK, Toskala E, Voegels R, Wang de Y, Weitzel EK, Wise S, Woodworth BA, Wormald PJ, Wright ED, Zhou B, Kennedy DW. International Consensus Statement on Allergy and Rhinology: Rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Feb;6 Suppl 1:S22-S209. PubMed PMID: 26889651
  • Barham HP, Ramakrishnan VR, Knisely A, Do TQ, Chan LS, Gunaratne DA, Weston JD, Seneviratne S, Marcells GN, Sacks R, Harvey RJ. Frontal sinus surgery and sinus distribution of nasal irrigation. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Mar;6(3):238-42. PubMed PMID: 26750306
  • Soler ZM, Smith TL, Alt JA, Ramakrishnan VR, Mace JC, Schlosser RJ. Olfactory-specific quality of life outcomes after endoscopic sinus surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Apr;6(4):407-13. PubMed PMID: 26678351
  • Bleier BS, Castelnuovo P, Battaglia P, Turri-Zanoni M, Dallan I, Metson R, Sedaghat AR, Stefko ST, Gardner PA, Snyderman CH, Nogueira JF, Ramakrishnan VR, Muscatello L, Lenzi R, Freitag S. Endoscopic endonasal orbital cavernous hemangioma resection: global experience in techniques and outcomes. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Feb;6(2):156-61. PubMed PMID: 26623968
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Hauser LJ, Frank DN. The sinonasal bacterial microbiome in health and disease. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 Feb;24(1):20-5. PubMed PMID: 26575518
  • Hauser LJ, Ir D, Kingdom TT, Robertson CE, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Investigation of bacterial repopulation after sinus surgery and perioperative antibiotics. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2015 Sep 21. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26388320
  • Ung TH, Waziri AE, Ramakrishnan VR. Preoperative ethmoid artery ligation facilitates resection of large sub-frontal meningiomas. Am J Otolaryngol. 2014 Jan 10. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24499924
  • Beckmann N, Ponnappan A, Campana J, Ramakrishnan VR. Posterior septal resection: a simple surgical option for management of nasal septal perforation. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014 Feb 1;140(2):150-4. PubMed PMID: 24337531
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Feazel LM, Gitomer SA, Ir D, Robertson CE, Frank DN. The microbiome of the middle meatus in healthy adults. PLoS One. 2013;8(12):e85507. PubMed PMID: 24386477
  • Fountain CR, Mudd PA, Ramakrishnan VR, Sillau SH, Kingdom TT, Katial RK. Characterization and treatment of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2013 Nov;111(5):337-41. PubMed PMID: 24125137
  • Miller C, Suh JD, Henriquez OA, Schlosser RJ, Ramakrishnan VR, Chiu AG. Prognosis for sixth nerve palsy arising from paranasal sinus disease. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2013 Sep-Oct;27(5):432-5. PubMed PMID: 24119609
  • Edward JA, Sanyal M, Ramakrishnan VR, Le W, Nguyen AL, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH, Nayak JV. Systemic prednisone administration selectively alters granulocyte subsets in nasal polyps from aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease and chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Nov;3(11):866-76. PubMed PMID: 24106221
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Ferril GR, Suh JD, Woodson T, Green TJ, Kingdom TT. Upper and lower airways associations in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and bronchiectasis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Nov;3(11):921-7. PubMed PMID: 23881553
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Lee JY, O'Malley BW Jr, Palmer JN, Chiu AG. 18-FDG-PET in the initial staging of sinonasal malignancy. Laryngoscope. 2013 Dec;123(12):2962-6. PubMed PMID: 23877974
  • Barham HP, Said S, Ramakrishnan VR. Colliding tumor of the paranasal sinus. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2013 Spring;4(1):e13-6. PubMed PMID: 23772319
  • Harasaki Y, Pettijohn KJ, Waziri A, Ramakrishnan VR. Frontoethmoid osteoma with pneumocephalus: options for surgical management. J Craniofac Surg. 2013 May;24(3):953-6. PubMed PMID: 23714919
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Montero PN. Ergonomic considerations in endoscopic sinus surgery: lessons learned from laparoscopic surgeons. Am J Rhinol Allergy. 2013 May-Jun;27(3):245-50. PubMed PMID: 23710962
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, Lee JY, O'Malley BW Jr, Grady MS, Palmer JN. Sphenoid sinus anatomy and suprasellar extension of pituitary tumors. J Neurosurg. 2013 Sep;119(3):669-74. PubMed PMID: 23621599
  • Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, Chi JJ, Palmer JN, Chiu AG. Outcomes and complications of endoscopic approaches for malignancies of the paranasal sinuses and anterior skull base. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2013 Jan;122(1):54-9. PubMed PMID: 23472317
  • Barham HP, Cooper SE, Anderson CB, Tizzano M, Kingdom TT, Finger TE, Kinnamon SC, Ramakrishnan VR. Solitary chemosensory cells and bitter taste receptor signaling in human sinonasal mucosa. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Jun;3(6):450-7. PubMed PMID: 23404938
  • Ramakrishnan JB, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis: their impact on lower airways. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2013 Feb;33(1):45-60. PubMed PMID: 23337064
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Waziri A. Postoperative care following skull base reconstruction. Adv Otorhinolaryngol. 2013;74:138-47. PubMed PMID: 23257560
  • Scapa VI, Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TT. Upregulation of Bcl-2 in nasal polyps from patients with cystic fibrosis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Mar;3(3):199-203. PubMed PMID: 23135964
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Feazel LM, Abrass LJ, Frank DN. Prevalence and abundance of Staphylococcus aureus in the middle meatus of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps, and asthma. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Apr;3(4):267-71. PubMed PMID: 23055295
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Orlandi RR, Citardi MJ, Smith TL, Fried MP, Kingdom TT. The use of image-guided surgery in endoscopic sinus surgery: an evidence-based review with recommendations. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Mar;3(3):236-41. PubMed PMID: 23044799
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Professional Memberships

  • American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Member
  • American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Member
  • American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy, Member
  • American Rhinologic Society, Committee Member

Practice Locations

The University of Colorado Sinus Center
1635 Aurora Ct
6th Floor
Aurora, CO 80045
720-848-7900

Ear, Nose, & Throat - Anschutz
1635 Aurora Ct
Aurora, CO 80045
720-848-2820

Hospital Affiliation
  • University of Colorado Hospital

Specialty Information

Specialties
  • Otolaryngology, Board Certification (2010)
  • Otolaryngology - Rhinology
Conditions & Treatments
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT)
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) - Sinus Tumors
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) - Nasal Polyps
Clinical Interests
I am interested in Endoscopic Sinus Surgery and I have subspecialty training in this area Read about one patient's experience with Dr. Ramakrishnan and the innovative endoscopic or endo-nasal orbital surgery Dr. Ramakrishnan performed in this Channel 7 News Article.

General Information

Medical Schools:
  • MD, Baylor College of Medicine (2004)
Undergraduate Schools:
  • BA, University of Texas–Austin (TX) (2000)
Internships:
  • University of Colorado (University Hospital) Program (2005)
Residency Programs:
  • University of Colorado, Chief Resident, Otolaryngology (2009)
Languages: English
Department: Otolaryngology
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