Todd Kingdom, MD
Professor, Otolaryngology

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Medical School:
  • MD, Emory University School of Medicine (1991)
Undergraduate School:
  • BS, University of Colorado - Boulder (CO) (1987)
Internship:
  • University of California (San Francisco) School of Medicine Program (1992)
Residency:
  • University of California (San Francisco) School of Medicine Program, Chief Resident, Otolaryngology (1996)
Languages: English
Department: Otolaryngology

Professional Titles

  • Professor, Otolaryngology
  • Director, University of Colorado Sinus Center
  • Director, Rhinology & Sinus Surgery
  • Vice Chair, Clinical Affairs and Quality

Recognition & Awards

  • Top Doctor, 5280 magazine (2013)
    Also awarded in (2006), (2007), (2008), (2009), (2010), (2011), (2012)
  • President's Award, University of Colorado Hospital (2010)
  • Presidential Citation, American Rhinologic Society (2006)
    Also awarded in (2008)
  • Clayton K. Mammel Teacher of the Year, Department of Otolaryngology, University of Colorado (2003)
    Also awarded in (2010, 2012, 2013, 2014)

Teaching

  • Professor, Department of Otolaryngology (2002)
    School of Medicine, Otolaryngology
    Rhinology, Sinus Disease, Skull Base Tumors, Orbital Surgery, Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
  • Professor, Department of Ophthalmology (2012)
    School of Medicine, Ophthalmology

Publications

  • Sokoya M, Ramakrishnan VR, Frank DN, Rahkola J, Getz A, Kingdom TT, Kofonow JM, Nguyen Q, Janoff EN. Expression of immunoglobulin D is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2017 Oct;119(4):317-323.e1. PubMed PMID: 28958373
  • Zukin LM, Hink EM, Liao S, Getz AE, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Endoscopic Management of Paranasal Sinus Mucoceles: Meta-analysis of Visual Outcomes. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017 Nov;157(5):760-766. PubMed PMID: 28695766
  • Maxwell AK, Barham HP, Getz AE, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Landmarks for rapid localization of the sphenopalatine foramen: A radiographic morphometric analysis. Allergy Rhinol (Providence). 2017 Jun 1;8(2):63-66. PubMed PMID: 28583229
  • Edward JA, Sanyal M, Le W, Soudry E, Ramakrishnan VR, Bravo DT, Nguyen AL, Zarabanda D, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH, Garrison Fathman C, Nayak JV. Selective expansion of human regulatory T cells in nasal polyps, and not adjacent tissue microenvironments, in individual patients exposed to steroids. Clin Immunol. 2017 Jun;179:66-76. PubMed PMID: 28279811
  • Suh JD, Kuan EC, Thompson CF, Scawn RL, Feinstein AJ, Barham HP, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Using fixed anatomical landmarks to avoid medial rectus injury: a radiographic analysis in patients with and without Graves' disease. Am J Otolaryngol. 2016 Jul-Aug;37(4):334-8. PubMed PMID: 27040416
  • Hauser LJ, Ir D, Kingdom TT, Robertson CE, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Evaluation of bacterial transmission to the paranasal sinuses through sinus irrigation. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Aug;6(8):800-6. PubMed PMID: 26990369
  • Gitomer SA, Fountain CR, Kingdom TT, Getz AE, Sillau SH, Katial RK, Ramakrishnan VR. Clinical Examination of Tissue Eosinophilia in Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyposis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2016 Jul;155(1):173-8. PubMed PMID: 26980909
  • Orlandi RR, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH. International Consensus Statement on Allergy and Rhinology: Rhinosinusitis Executive Summary. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2016 Feb;6 Suppl 1:S3-21. PubMed PMID: 26878819
  • Hauser LJ, Ir D, Kingdom TT, Robertson CE, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Investigation of bacterial repopulation after sinus surgery and perioperative antibiotics. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2015 Sep 21. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26388320
  • Kingdom TT, Davies BW, Durairaj VD. Orbital decompression for the management of thyroid eye disease: An analysis of outcomes and complications. Laryngoscope. 2015 Sep;125(9):2034-40. PubMed PMID: 25892161
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TT. Does Image-Guided Surgery Reduce Complications?. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2015 Oct;48(5):851-9. PubMed PMID: 26119761
  • Hauser LJ, Ir D, Kingdom TT, Robertson CE, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Investigation of bacterial repopulation after sinus surgery and perioperative antibiotics. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2015 Sep 21. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26388320
  • Ferril GR, Nick JA, Getz AE, Barham HP, Saavedra MT, Taylor-Cousar JL, Nichols DP, Curran-Everett D, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Comparison of radiographic and clinical characteristics of low-risk and high-risk cystic fibrosis genotypes. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2014 Nov;4(11):915-20. PubMed PMID: 25224556
  • Orlandi RR, Smith TL, Marple BF, Harvey RJ, Hwang PH, Kern RC, Kingdom TT, Luong A, Rudmik L, Senior BA, Toskala E, Kennedy DW. Update on evidence-based reviews with recommendations in adult chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2014 Jul;4 Suppl 1:S1-S15. PubMed PMID: 24889751
  • Lee JT, Kingdom TT, Smith TL, Setzen M, Brown S, Batra PS. Practice patterns in endoscopic skull base surgery: survey of the American Rhinologic Society. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2014 Feb;4(2):124-31. PubMed PMID: 24254982
  • Chan KH, Gao D, Fernandez PG, Kingdom TT, Kumpe DA. Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma: Vascular determinates for operative complications and tumor recurrence. Laryngoscope. 2013 Aug 8. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 23929652
  • Fountain CR, Mudd PA, Ramakrishnan VR, Sillau SH, Kingdom TT, Katial RK. Characterization and treatment of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2013 Nov;111(5):337-41. PubMed PMID: 24125137
  • Edward JA, Sanyal M, Ramakrishnan VR, Le W, Nguyen AL, Kingdom TT, Hwang PH, Nayak JV. Systemic prednisone administration selectively alters granulocyte subsets in nasal polyps from aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease and chronic rhinosinusitis patients. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Nov;3(11):866-76. PubMed PMID: 24106221
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Ferril GR, Suh JD, Woodson T, Green TJ, Kingdom TT. Upper and lower airways associations in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis and bronchiectasis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Nov;3(11):921-7. PubMed PMID: 23881553
  • Barham HP, Cooper SE, Anderson CB, Tizzano M, Kingdom TT, Finger TE, Kinnamon SC, Ramakrishnan VR. Solitary chemosensory cells and bitter taste receptor signaling in human sinonasal mucosa. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Jun;3(6):450-7. PubMed PMID: 23404938
  • Ramakrishnan JB, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis: their impact on lower airways. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2013 Feb;33(1):45-60. PubMed PMID: 23337064
  • Ramakrishnan VR, Orlandi RR, Citardi MJ, Smith TL, Fried MP, Kingdom TT. The use of image-guided surgery in endoscopic sinus surgery: an evidence-based review with recommendations. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2013 Mar;3(3):236-41. PubMed PMID: 23044799
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Professional Memberships

  • American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Member
  • Executive Operating Room Committee, University of Colorado Hospital, Member
  • American College of Surgeons (ACS), Fellow
  • American Rhinologic Society (ARS), Past President

Practice Locations

The University of Colorado Sinus Center
1635 Aurora Ct
6th Floor
Aurora, CO 80045
720-848-7900

Ear, Nose, & Throat - Anschutz
1635 Aurora Ct
Aurora, CO 80045
720-848-2820

Saint Joseph Hospital
1375 E. 19th Avenue
Denver, CO 80218
303-812-2000

National Jewish Health
1400 Jackson St
Denver, CO 80206
1-877-225-5654

Hospital Affiliation
  • University of Colorado Hospital
  • Children's Hospital Colorado
  • National Jewish Health
  • Denver Health Medical Center
  • Veterans Affairs Medical Center

Specialty Information

Specialties
  • Otolaryngology, Board Certification (1997)
  • Otolaryngology - Rhinology (1997)
Conditions & Treatments
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT)
  • Immune System - Rhinitis
  • Immune System - Sinusitis
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) - Sinus Tumors
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) - Skull Base Tumors
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) - Nasal Polyps
  • Immune System
Clinical Interests
I am interested in rhinology and the full spectrum sinus & nasal disorders, in particular, inflammatory sinus disease (nasal polyps & infection) and minimally-invasive skull base and orbit procedures. I work very closely with my colleagues in allergy & asthma and pulmonary medicine to comprehensively treat a full range of respiratory disorders.

General Information

Medical Schools:
  • MD, Emory University School of Medicine (1991)
Undergraduate Schools:
  • BS, University of Colorado - Boulder (CO) (1987)
Internships:
  • University of California (San Francisco) School of Medicine Program (1992)
Residency Programs:
  • University of California (San Francisco) School of Medicine Program, Chief Resident, Otolaryngology (1996)
Download CV
Languages: English
Department: Otolaryngology
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